BrutalismBrutalism: meant that the aesthetic of concrete was very heavy, strong and sturdy. The surface texture that the formwork that is used and designed to leave particular patterns in the concrete when it was pulled off. Texture, Pattern, and Heaviness!`Servant and Served Spaces-Served spaces that are lab spaces occupied by people doing work. -Servant spaces include mechanical objects.-Separation because the amount of space for the program to work needs a lot of machinery. So, it is important to separate the spaces. Servant spaces still needed to be big enough for people to be in them in case the machines needed to be fixed. Space FramesAbout lightweight, efficient construction.Buckminister Fuller uses concrete spaceframe, thatare dogtooth that interlock with each other. It wouldallow all of the services into the space frame, likelights, and would allow them to change the location ofthe space frames. It would hide the fundamentalinfrastructure of the building and amplifying theirpresence. Corduroy ConcreteWhen there is a ripple on the surface, that is created bya formwork with fins, and when you pull, the formwork off it has a fin effect. You get a jack hammerthe texture gets even rougher. MetabolismHas a practical goal, which is about the reconstruction of Japanese cities, after the war, particularly, Tokyo. Also, there is a need to rethink urban form. How can technology be used for something constructive and used in a positive way.The second goal was to start a conversation about what a city should really be. Is a fundamental theoretical reconsideration of how we make cities at all.