Lecture 21 April 10, 2017: Rethinking ModernismBrutalism: Buildings were brutish, Servant and served spaces:-Seen in Louis Kahn’s Salt Institute-Served spaces that are lab spaces occupied by people doing work. -Servant spaces include mechanical objects.-Separation because the amount of space for the program to work needs a lot of machinery-So, it is important to separate the spaces. -Servant spaces still needed to be big enough for people to be in them in case the machines needed to be fixed. Space frame Corduroy Concrete: Ripple in the surface that formwork create a finned effect, and then you chisel off the surface to make it even more rough.Portland Stand:Materials that is located in its place, to create long vertical lines, but not using modern materials instead traditional materials. Ex. Economist building.“The city is a big house and the house is a big city” – Aldo Van EyckWhat is monumentality? -During the Beaux Art’s it meant that it was big, gave a language to what that monumentality is about. Sense of importance. -Part of the goals wasn’t about sense of importance or monumentality.Le Corbusier, Dame du Haut, Ronchamp, France, 1950-Concrete heavy mass at first glance.-Pilgrimage church meant to be viewed from a distant-Rough, rustic image to match with the landscape.-Relationship to the traditional space and landscape to make a sense of continuity that ties in with the idea of monumentality.Louis Kahn:-Trained in Beaux ArtLouis Kahn Carver court, Coatsville, PA, 1940Louis Kahn Yale University Art Gallery New Haven, CT, 1950-Juxtaposition of the glass curtain wall-Responding to Mies and putting it into a Beaux Art filter.oGlass façadeInterior:-Inspiration from Buckminster Fuller and the Space FrameoEmbodied utopian hope through the geodesic domeoLight weight, efficient construction-Inspiration from Josef Alberts – Homage to the SquareoShows depthoColors recede, others push forward to amplify the sense to depth.-Seen in interior spaces.
Louis Kahn, Salk Institute, La Jolla CA, 1960-Beaux arts-Client is the inventor of the Polio Vaccine.-Salt institute was about letting other inventors to solve problems, to make the world a better place.-Nature connected the researcher which was fundamental.-Natural and warm palette in retreat areas to make it more organic. Which is a contradistinction to the laboratory.-The interconnection between the study and the lab requires you to go outside, fresh air to hit your face. Makes sense of transition more haptic.Frank Lloyd Wright, Guggenheim Museum, NY 1950-The purpose of the building relates to the needs of the client.Hunstanton School, Norfolk, England, 1950-Building looks unfinished to suggest that the building is being honest with you.-Created a building that was an everyday building.