TopHat_Powerpoint_CH7_May31.pptx - CHAPTER 7 Learning Three Types of Learning Classical Operant Social Learning Learning is a relatively permanent

TopHat_Powerpoint_CH7_May31.pptx - CHAPTER 7 Learning Three...

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CHAPTER 7: Learning
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Three Types of Learning: Classical, Operant, & Social
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Learning Learning is a relatively permanent change in behavior or mental processes that occurs from one’s interactions with the environment . There are three (color coded) parts to the definition of learning. The three types of learning are CLASSICAL, OPERANT, AND OBSERVATIONAL.
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Types of Learning Classical Conditioning : process by which a previously neutral stimulus comes to elicit a response because it is a signal for another stimulus which naturally elicits the response. Operant Conditioning : process by which a response becomes more or less likely to occur depending on its consequences (i.e., rewards and punishments). Social/Observational: process by which an observer imitates the behavior another person is doing.
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Classical Conditioning Classical conditioning is formally called RESPONDENT conditioning. Classical deals with EMOTIONS . Respondent/Classical conditioning STARTS with a reflex—an involuntary response that is ELICITED/caused by an environmental stimulus. When the stimulus is sensed it causes the reflexive response.
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IF I blow air in your eye, you blink. The air is an antecedent stimulus because it precedes the response. The blink is the involuntary response or reflex. Once a blink is triggered by an antecedent, the person cannot (a) keep the reflex from occurring, or (b) stop it before it finishes. Antecedent Stimulus
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Classical Conditioning Ivan Pavlov - 1920s Neutral stimulus (NS) Unconditioned stimulus (UCS) Unconditioned response (UCR) Conditioned stimulus (CS) Conditioned response (CR)
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Reflexes Any reflex can be “diagramed.” The GENERIC diagram for a reflex is: Elicits UCS UCR Read the diagram as “the UCS elicited the UCR” Air blown into the eye makes you blink The air is the UCS. The blink is the UCR.
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Unconditioned Response Air blown in eye makes you blink The blink is the involuntary response—the reflex. The blink is formally labeled the UCR. UCR stands for UNCONDITIONED RESPONSE.
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Reflexes A reflex does NOT qualify as “learning.” UCS UCR is NOT learning Animals (including humans) are BORN with reflexes. Classical conditioning STARTS with a reflex.
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