REL 301 - Final Exam Guide.pdf - I Sire Universe Next Door...

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I.Sire: Universe Next Door A. Existentialism 1.How does it relate to nihilism? It is a response to Nihilism It tries to transcend nihilism and go beyond it 2.What is its primary meaning in terms of “essence” and existence? a philosophical theory or approach that emphasizes the existence of the individual person as a free and responsible agent determining their own development through acts of the will Existence before essence I choose and not god 3.Who is the father of existentialism? Which atheistic thinker influences it the most? Father of Existentialism is Soren Kierkegaard The atheistic thinker that influences it the most is Joan Paul Sartre 4.What are the different types of existentialism? What is freedom for an existentialist? Atheist Existentialism Leans on Naturalism Theistic Existentialism Leans on Theism We are our own freedom 5.How does Kierkegaard understand God? He believes that God exists, but God doesn’t try to prove that he exists 6.See some of Sartre’s quotes in the course documents sections. 7.Review Sire in relation to this view II.Richard Hughes: The Myths America Lives By A.Introduction 1.What is a creed? Tied to the Declaration of Independence Deeds over creeds 2.What is a myth? A myth is not patently untrue story that speaks of meaning and purpose, and for that reason it speaks truth to those who take it seriously. 3.What are the types of responses? Absolutist Response
Cynical Response 4.According to Carr, what are sites of fecundity? A period of generative fruitfulness Revolutionary Period Civil War 1960s B.The Myth of the Chosen nation 1.How did it develop? What is the background of it? Has deepest roots in the Hebrew Bible In Deuteronomy, where God has chosen the Jews Rooted in Puritans in America They believed that they are chosen for a specific reason by God 2.Which early thinker influenced the puritans in the way he translated and prefaced the Bible William Tyndalepopularized the notion that England stood in a covenant relationship with God. Notion of National Covenant; just like Israel of the old, England had been chosen by God for a special mission. 3.What is America’s creed? We hold these truths as self-evident, that all men are created equal and bestowed by their Creator certain unalienable rights including life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness.

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