Outline and Lecture Notes of Chapter 8 (1).doc

Outline and Lecture Notes of Chapter 8 (1).doc - Outline...

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Outline and Lecture Notes of Chapter 8 Non Verbal Intercultural Communication Non verbal communication is an indispensable and all-pervasive element of human behavior -Barnlund I. Cultural Universals in Nonverbal Communication A. Nonverbal communication is a multichanneled process that is usually performed spontaneously; it typically involves a subtle set of nonlinguistic behaviors that are often enacted subconsciously. B. Characteristics of nonverbal codes 1. Nonverbal codes are multichanneled. 2. Nonverbal codes are multifunctional. 3. Nonverbal codes are spontaneously and subconsciously. 4. Nonverbal codes are continuous and natural, and they tend to blur together. Have you ever noticed that there seems to be a “flow” to people’s verbal communication.-when they are talking, their gestures are usually very synchronized. For example, when emphasizing a point by shaking a finger, the speaker stops shaking the finger at the end of the sentence. And it all seems very natural. In fact, symptoms of mental illness are sometimes revealed in people’s non verbal behaviors; their non verbal behaviors may seem “jerky” or seem not to go with their speech. C. Culturally universal nonverbal communication 1. Nonverbal displays 2. Facial expressions demonstrate the universality of many nonverbal emotional appeals. 3. Emotional displays: basic emotions can be universally recognized. 4. Communication characteristics similar across cultures. a. Use the same body parts b. Convey similar information c. Used in art and ritual d. The motives for nonverbal codes are similar across cultures 1
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e. Used to coordinate and control a range of context and relationships II. Cultural Variations in Nonverbal Communication A. Cultures have unique sets of display rules that govern when and under what circumstances particular nonverbal expressions are required, preferred, permitted, or prohibited. 1. The norms for display rules vary greatly across cultures. 2. Display rules indicate the intensity of the behavioral display that is acceptable (e.g. showing grief or intense sadness). 3. Differences in display rules can cause discomfort and misinterpretations. Your culture has taught you what non verbal actions to display (crying or laughing), the meaning of those actions (sadness or happiness), and the contextual backdrop of those actions (funeral or wedding). Non verbal communication often reveals basic cultural traits. For instance, how far people stand from each other during normal conversation can offer clues to their view on privacy. It is not by chance that Hindus greet each other by placing their palms together in front themselves while tilting their heads slightly downward; this situation reflects their belief that the deity exists in everyone.
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