Unformatted text preview: Russia History Russia got its name from when the c ountry was c alled “The Land of Rus” and ruled by Vikings. The Vikings were defeated by Batu, Genghis Khan's grandson, and his Mongol troops in 1240. They overthrew the c apital and ruled for nearly two c enturies. Ivan III c ame along in 1400 and took over neighbouring enemy towns of Moscow. He went to war with the Mongols and won. A c entury later and Ivan’s descendant, Ivan IV, was c rowned the first c zar and became ruler of Russia. Centuries pass and Russia became known at the Soviet Union. They s igned a nonaggression pact with Germany during WWII. Germany broke the pact by invading the Soviet Union’s territory in Poland. This m ade the Soviet Union m ad s o they went to war with Germany and turned m ost of Eastern Europe c ommunist. By the early 1990’s, the Soviet Union c eased to exist and is now known as the c ountry we know today, Russia. Economics Russia has a pretty weak economy. Although it is large, it is not growing. Russia’s GDP is ranked #7 in the world at $3.745 trillion but it’s decreasing. Their inflation rate is incredibly high at 7.2% and their growth rate is ranked #201 in the world. Russia’s GDP per c apita is $26,100 and it has gone down $1,200 in just the past two years. Russia’s economy is failing and it s hows through the rising unemployment rate and high percentage of people living under the poverty line. Although Russia’s economy isn’t doing s o good, they are s till one of the top producers of natural gases and export to The Netherlands, China, and Germany. Russia imports fruits and nuts, vehicles, and pharmaceutical products from China and Germany. Government ●
● Semipresidential federation: president is elected and rules alongside a prime m inister. Chief of s tate is Vladimir Putin and Head of Government is Premier Dmitriy Medvedev. Popular parties in Russia are the Communist Party of the Russian Federation, A Just Russia, and The Liberal Democratic Party of Russia. ● Russia’s m ost recent Constitution was established December 25, 1993. ● Russia’s three branches of government are the executive branch which m akes decrees, the legislative branch which approves decrees, and the judicial branch which c onsists of the c ourt. ● A m ajor issue for Russia is their economy because it’s not growing, their unemployment rate is rising, and their people are s uffering and very poor. People and Culture Russia has a very large population c ompared to the rest of the world but that is to be expected from a country with that m uch land. Although the population is huge, it’s not growing. Their growth rate is in the negatives at 0.06%. More people are dying than being born. Russia’s population c onsists of nearly 80% Russians, and almost all residents of Russia actually s peak Russian. Russia has the largest population in the world of people that aren’t actively practicing a religion. Mother Russia doesn’t have its health going for it. Life expectancy is only 70.8 years and the infant m ortality rate is at a whopping 6.9 deaths per 1,000 babies born. Although lots of people are dying and unhealthy, Russia’s education s ystem is average! Literacy rate is at the expected percentage of 99.7%. Russia is a developed c ountry with a decreasing population but at least the people c an read! ...
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