Chp 22 Outline - W.W Norton Company Western Civilizations 18e Chapter 22 Imperialism and Colonialism 1870-1914 Chapter Study Outline 1 Introduction

Chp 22 Outline - W.W Norton Company Western...

This preview shows page 1 - 3 out of 4 pages.

W.W. Norton & Company Western Civilizations, 18e Chapter 22 Imperialism and Colonialism, 1870-1914 Chapter Study Outline 1. Introduction 1. Egypt and the Suez Canal 1. Suez Canal 2. Economic and political relationships between European powers and Egypt 3. Urabi Pasha’s government (1882) 4. Britain takes effective control of Egypt 2. Suez as example of interplay between economics and colonialism 3. The “new Imperialism”—more than a one-way street 4. European strength, European instability 2. Imperialism 1. Definitions 1. The process of extending one state’s control over another 2. Formal imperialism 3. Informal imperialism 2. Nineteenth century expansion of imperialism 1. 1875–1902: Europeans seized 90 percent of Africa 2. 1870–1900: small group of European states colonized one-quarter of the world’s lands 3. New imperialism as a new stage of empire building 3. Nineteenth-century empires 1. Appeared against the backdrop of industrialization, liberal revolutions, and the rise of nation-states 2. The need for raw materials 3. Bringing progress to the world (as justification for imperialism) 4. Colonial resistance and rebellion forced Europeans to develop new strategies of rule 5. Guided more by “settlement and discipline” than independent entrepreneurial activity 6. Creation of new interactions between Europeans and indigenous peoples 4. The new imperialism and its causes 1. Economic arguments 2. Strategic and nationalist motives 3. The cultural dimension 4. Imperial policy 3. Imperialism in South Asia 1. India and the British Empire 1. “Jewel of the British Crown” 2. The British East India Company 3. British policy divided 2. The Great Mutiny of 1857 1. Began when sepoys refused to use rifle cartridges greased with pork fat 2. Social, economic, and political grievances 3. Indian peasants attacked courts and burned tax rolls, protesting debt and corruption 4. British were losing control across northwest India 5. Hindu and Muslim leaders denounced Christian missionaries 6. The British response
3. After the mutiny: reorganizing the Indian empire 1. East India Company abolished

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture