Lecture 10

Lecture 10 - NT ARCH. Lecture 10 Asa Mair 2-15-06 Lecture...

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NT ARCH. Lecture 10 Asa Mair 2-15-06 Lecture 10 Jerusalem in the Hasmonean Period (167 – 40 BC). The expansion of the city begins once again after the return of the Jews from Babylon. Now in the Hasmonean period when the country is under the rule of the Hasmonean kings the population of Jerusalem grows to the western hill! The wall that connects from the citadel to the city of david is called The First Wall . The first in a series of fortifications that are built in the late second temple period. The wall runs eat from Jaffa gate and connects with the tip of the City of David. The Citadel is a much later structure/complex of buildings. The citadel is a large fortified enclosure with remains of various periods inside the area of the enclosure. Most of the buildings in the citadel today are much later than the periods in the course. Most of the remains date to the Middle ages and the Ottoman. Inside the enclosure are SOME remains of the earlier periods. The Line of the First Wall is an example of these remains. The stones are cut and laid in different ways, because it was destroyed and rebuilt over the course of ages. Nevertheless, we can see the original style of construction clearly. The stones are cut and laid with protruding Bosses, Alternating courses(row of stones) of headers and stretchers. What other building did we look at that resembles this construction? Herod’s Seam in the wall of Jerusalem! Jason’s Tomb in Jerusalem , located to the west of the old city, dates to Hasmonean Period (100BC). We have a tomb that consists of long open courtyards and passages that lead up to a covered porch, which housed two doorways cut into bedrock that lead into burial chambers. The tombs are cut INTO the slopes of hills. Dromos, to porch to burial doors, to Burial chambers A and B. Chamber A has loculi; Chamber B is a Charnel Room. (Jason’s tomb) Jason’s tomb is the earliest Jewish tomb in Jerusalem that has loculi. Just like in Marisa we saw the appearance of loculi in Tomb A at Marisa, result of Hellenisation in the Early Hellenistic period. The Hasmonean period shows the effects of Hellenization among the local Jewish population. We can also see this in the outer appearance of the tomb. A Doric column in-antis (between the antae [the thickened endings of the porch on each side]) Chamber A is the actual burial chamber, and chamber B is just a plain room, without loculi known as the Charnel Room , Jason’s tomb like other tombs was used by a family over the course of generations, this particular one belonged to a wealthy family. The
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Lecture 10 - NT ARCH. Lecture 10 Asa Mair 2-15-06 Lecture...

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