CHHI 525 Reserch Paper_Calvinism.docx - LIBERTY UNIVERSITY...

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LIBERTY UNIVERSITY SCHOOL OF DIVINITYResearch Paper Calvinism: Gaining an Understanding of its DoctrinesSubmitted to Dr. Gregory Tomlin in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the completion ofCHHI 525-B01 LUOChurch History IIbyMatthew L. TaylorOctober 16, 2016
Contents Introduction....................................................................................................................................1Thesis Statement............................................................................................................................1Introduction....................................................................................................................................1Content............................................................................................................................................1A Brief History of the Man................................................................................................1John Calvin.............................................................................................................2Calvinism’s Five Points.....................................................................................................3God’s Sovereignty....................................................................................................4Predestination.........................................................................................................5Total Depravity.......................................................................................................6Unconditional Election...........................................................................................6Limited Atonement..................................................................................................8Irresistible Grace....................................................................................................9Perseverance of the Saints....................................................................................10Conclusion....................................................................................................................................10Bibliography.................................................................................................................................122
Thesis StatementDue to the differences in theological matters between between John Calvin and other reformers, the Protestant Church found itself divided. This division between Calvinism and othermovements is still felt today, with many either leaning heavily towards Calvinism or shying fromit due to a lack of understanding. The purpose of this paper is to show the theology of Calvin andto show its opponents the validity of its doctrines. IntroductionOne of the greatest theological debates among Protestant groups is that of Calvinism versus Arminianism. The teachings of Calvin are considered by some to go against the Holy Scriptures, and thus, should not be followed. Though John Calvin as a man is respected for his work during the Reformation period, it is his theology that often comes under attack, usually by those who hold to the theology of Jacobus Arminius in regards to the concept of predestination. However, it is often found that most of these people do not fully understand the theology of neither Calvin. Due to this, it is necessary that a historical view be taken of Calvin and his work, as well as a theological inspection be made of his beliefs. This is to show whether his doctrines aligned themselves with Scripture, or stand against it. Upon the completion of this, one should gain a far better and clearer understanding of Calvinism, and a source of understanding for those who unjustly condemn the beliefs of predestination and election.ContentA Brief History of the ManThe modern Church finds itself full of debates. These range from the role of women in ministry, to the proper methodology of baptism, to the role of God and man in regards to one’s personal salvation. This last topic is one of debate that many do not actually recognize. This is 1
seen in conversation surrounding the topics of Calvinism and Arminianism. Many people in the church have heard of Calvinism, but usually in negative manner, especially among Southern Baptist. However, though they have heard of the movement, they fail to understand it, and thus, do not understand why they should or should not stand against it. This misunderstanding has led many to believe that if one is not a Calvinist, then one must be an Arminianist…or vice-a-versa. This what is often taught in many churches. But does that make it definitive? To take a stand either for or against something without a proper

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