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2.5.3 Test (TS): Becoming AmericanTestNorth Carolina American History I (S4355523)Bryant YardleyPoints possible: 60Date: 5-9-18Unit 3 Big Question: Why did North American colonists work against British rule? What kind of government did they create after they had gained independence?Section 1: Short-answer questions (30 points)Write multi-sentence responses for the prompts below. Be specific and give examples from the history wehave learned. The 13 ColoniesA. Name at least two colonies in each region listed in the table. In a few words, describe the main economy of each area. (1 point for each section, 8 points total)RegionColoniesEconomyNorthernProvince of New Hampshire, later New Hampshire, the Province of Massachusetts Bay, later Massachusetts and Maine, the Colony of Rhode Island and The northern American colonies specialized in a wide variety of products and services. The good harbors in cities such as New York, Boston, Baltimore and Philadelphia were trading places. There was good access to the Atlantic Ocean,
Providence Plantations, later Rhode Island and the Connecticut Colony, later Connecticutespecially in Boston and New York. This also wasconducive for shipyards. Fishing, handcrafts, small farming and publishing were all part of thenorthern colonial economies. Textile mills were also a key part of the northern colonies.MiddleThey consisted of the future states ofNew York, Pennsylvania, New Jersey, Delaware and sometimes Maryland. Today these areas are described as the Mid-Atlantic States.The main economic activity in the Middle Colonies was farming. Unlike the New England Colonies, the Middle colonies grew cash crops. These mainly consisted of grains, such as wheat and corn. These items were their exports.ChesapeakeThe Chesapeake Colonies were the Colony and Dominion of Virginia, later the Commonwealth of Virginia, and Province of Maryland, later Maryland, both colonies located in British America and centered on the Chesapeake Bay.Tobacco was the mainstay of the Virginia and Maryland economies. Plantations were established by riverbanks for the good soil and to ensure ease of transportation. Because wealthy planters built their own wharves on theChesapeake to ship their crop to England, town development was slow.SouthernThe Southern Colonies within British America consisted of the Province of Maryland, the Colony of Virginia, theProvince of Carolina (in 1712 split into North and South Carolina) and the Province of Georgia.The major economy of the Southern Colonies was agriculture, represented by massive plantations of cotton, rice, indigo and tobacco. Slavery played an important part in the economy of the Southern Colonies, as African slaves were used to work the land.B. In a sentence or two, describe twoof the following items and how each led to the Revolutionary War.