W_2_Kelly_WomenRenaissance.pdf - Wom en in Culture and S ....

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Women inCultureandS.AS'oCletyenes EditedbyCatha 'R.nne. StlmpsonWOMEN,HISTORY&THEORYTheEssays ofJoanKellyThe University of Chicago PressChicago&London
U'.l.lU~CIl V.la,::,;::,.•li euV Q I UUIU V C 1 ;:)JlYI C :.'J:'J) ,LJU.1.-0"-.l VLlll U Ht::'A l t,: LLU t: Utilt::'..., l V.....-tion universally, altho ugh they have been under capitalism. I believe we mustconside r sexuality and socialization in anystudy of the sexualorder: what arethe relations among love , sex, and marriage in any society, forwomenand forme n, heterosexual and homosexual, an dwhosocializeswhich groupsof chil-dren, by sex and by age, so that they find their places in the socialorder-s-in-eluding their sexual places.Ialso believe, as Juliet Mitch ell does, that the evi-dence clearly warrants wo rking ou t relations between the dominan t mode ofproduction in a society and the forms of reproduction, sexuality, and socializa-tion .However, certain difficulties eme rge, no t in usingthis scheme so much asin using its terms-esp ecially when we deal with precapitalist societies . Neithercultura l nor political activities have a clearly definable place underthe head ing ofproduction, as they do, e.g., when we use the terms domestic/p ublic or, moresimply, fam ily and society. Another reasonIpreferfamilylsocietyordomesticlpublic, is that the term sproduction/reprod uction tend to confound biological re-production wit h social reproduction , an d this obscures the essentiallyproductivework of the familyandthe p roperty relation betweenhusband andwife. See myreviewof Rowbotha m inScience and Society39,no.4(Winter1975/76): 471-74,and Lise Vogel's review essay on Juliet Mitche ll,"TheEarthly Family,"RadicalAmerica7(Fall1973): 9-50.23.Ideas alon g these lines have been developed by Rowbotham ,Women'sConsciousness, Man's World;Bridget O' Laughlin, "Mediation of Contradiction:WhyMbumWomen Do Not Eat Chicken," in Rosaldo and Lamphere, pp .301- 20.24.Dionysius of Halicarnassus.The Roman Antiquities,trans. E. Cary (Cam-bridge, Mass.: Har vard University Press),1: 381- 82.Milton extended the prop -erty relationshipbetweenhusbandandwife to theGarden of Eden w hereAda m's possessionof Eve cons titutes the first example of private prop er ty:"Hail, wedded Love, mysteriou s law, truesource/Ofhum an offspring, sole pro-priety/InParadise of all things common else!"(Paradise Lost,pt.4,lines750-51).Needlessto say, whe re Eve serves Ada m while he serves God, th e "propriety" isnot amutual relat ion .25.For the exa mples given here, see the articles on the period s in qu estion inBride n thal and Koonz (n . 4 above).26.This is one of Rowbotham's points inWoman'sConsciousness, Man's World.I believe it should lead to development of the genre of psycho histor ical stud iesand studies in family history exemplified by Philippe Aries,Centuriesof Childhood:ASocialHistory ofFamily Life(New York:Alfred A.Kno pf,1965);Nancy Chodorow ,"Family Structureand Feminine Persona lity," in Rosaldo and Lamp

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