Cyrus Stewart ISS 210 Fall 2007 Class Notes

Cyrus Stewart ISS 210 Fall 2007 Class Notes - LEARNING...

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Unformatted text preview: LEARNING Student: passive/dependent Instructor: informational source Enhancing understanding of the established, receiving/reproducing information, drawing/deriving logical conclusions. Memorization and rote application Objective approach to fixed data, develop coordination sequences between data, possibility of right/wrong Teacher facilitates information Teaching: identity/integrity o Capacity to go beyond established information, surpassing the understood into the realm of the contemporarily impossible Education o Characteristics Critical and self reflective inquiry/questioning Focus on imperfectly/unresolved phenomenon Search for inter-disciplinary links, juxtaposition of conflictual possibilities. INVULNERIBILITY Illusion o Comforting in an unpredictable and dangerous world o Immunity precaution goes down, susceptibility goes up Influence/persuasion: universal to meaningful communication an essential life skill PERSUASION Social psychological dynamics producing change in ways contrary to being left alone. Psychological Disarmament o Ups susceptibility o Illusion Resilient self enhancing, selective blindness SUPPORTIVE ILLUSION Better than average effect o We are more capable of defending against influence Fundamental attribution error o Others problems (inner), ours (situation) INVULNERIBILITY Least competent = most confident o Failure to recognize our deficiencies o Self-sustaining FIXED ACTION PATTERNS Increases in speed/accessibility of information o Information = knowledge when its critically retained Accessed, absorbed, integrated, understood, applied o Contributing conditions Complex stimulus field Time pressure = need for immediate response Emotional arousal = exhaustion o Simplicity (cognitive, emotional, moral savings) Perceptual/decision making narrowings Limits on capacity for complexity Effective (workable) and efficient (economy of effect) Automatic/non-reflective responses Stereotypical/habitual sequences Learned and internalized = lack of awareness = loss of control Flexible: responsive to many trigger features Intricate responses/sequences RECIPROCITY Principle: repayment for what has been received Emotional products reinforcing principle reaction obliged indebtedness o Gatitude o Decency o Responsibility o Fairness o Equality o Connection Failure to repay, in equitable value, produces stress Cognitive dissonance: relation between cognitions where the psychological implications of one is incompatible with that of another o Magnitude: importance and number of cognitions in support o Maximum resistance of least stable element PROCESS discomfort when gifts are refused (dissonance) Prior receipt enhances compliance with request Positive attachment to given enhances compliance, but not necessary Desire for or solicitation of the gift unnecessary Sense of propriety/reasonableness enhances compliance refusal deemed...
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Cyrus Stewart ISS 210 Fall 2007 Class Notes - LEARNING...

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