Soc 110 - Midterm Study Guide.pdf - CH 1 Sociological...

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CH 1
1.What is sociological Imagination, according to C. Wright Mills
2.How does sociology help us disentangle what is biological from what is socially constructed?
3.How does the concept of social structure help sociologists better understand social phenomena?Social structure gives humans a rational way to act. Social norms create a social order to explain social phenomena, and beliefs and values guide the human to making social decisions.(founders) -COMTE: scientific method to human behavior and society oSociology should contribute to the welfare of humanity by predicting and controlling human behavior -DURKHEIM: drew from Comte, but thought his ideas were too speculative and vague oTo have a scientific basis, sociologists must develop methodological principles to guide their research oSocial Facts: aspects of social life that shape our actions as individuals. Ex. State of economy, influence of religion oOrganic Solidarity: social cohesion resulting from parts of society functioning as an integrated whole oSocial Constraint: conditioning influence on our behavior of the groups and societies of which we are members (property of social factsoDivision of Labor: specialization of work tasks by means of which different occupations are combined within a production system o
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