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Running head: PUBLIC ASSISTANCE AND RECOVERY PROGRAMS 1 Public Assistance and Recovery Programs Unit 7 Assignment Megan Mulholland Kaplan University FS120: Introduction to Emergency Management Prof: Aaron Bingaman
PUBLIC ASSISTANCE AND RECOVERY PROGRAMS 2 Public Assistance and Recovery Programs A governor's request for a major disaster declaration could mean an infusion of federal funds, but the governor must also commit significant state funds and resources for recovery efforts. A major disaster could result from a hurricane, earthquake, flood, tornado or major fire which the president determines warrants supplemental federal aid. The event must be clearly more than state or local governments can handle alone. If declared, funding comes from the president's Disaster Relief Fund, which is managed by FEMA, and disaster aid programs of other participating federal agencies. A presidential Major Disaster Declaration puts into motion long- term federal recovery programs, some of which are matched by state programs, and designed to help disaster victims, businesses and public entities. While FEMA offers disaster assistance programs for individuals and governments as well, there are other resource guides that are available to nonprofit organizations services and grantees following a major disaster declaration. The mission of the FEMA Public assistance Grant Program is to aid state, tribal and local governments, and certain types of private nonprofit organizations so that communities can quickly respond to and recover from major disasters or emergencies declared by the president. Through the PA Program, FEMA provides supplemental federal disaster grant assistance for debris removal, emergency protective measures, and the repair, replacement, or restoration of disaster damaged, publicly owned facilities and the facilities of certain private nonprofit (PNP) organizations (Office of Emergency Preparedness and Continuity of Operations, 2012). The Public Assistance Program promotes the inclusion of cost-effective hazard mitigation measures in the repair of damaged facilities. These hazard mitigation measures reduce the potential for damage to the facilities in future events.

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