KORE1021 L3 30:1.docx - Confucianism-introduction of Confucian thought from Chinaone of the most substantial influences in Korean intellectual history-A

KORE1021 L3 30:1.docx - Confucianism-introduction of...

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Confucianism -introduction of Confucian thought from China one of the most substantial influences in Korean intellectual history -A fundamental part of Korean society, shaping the moral system, the way of life, social relations between old and young, high culture, and is the basis for much of the legal system - considered a pragmatic way of holding a nation together without the civil wars and internal dissent Seokguram 石窟庵 Buddism Sokugram is a hermitage and part of the Bulguksa 佛國寺 temple complex, one of the outstanding stone structures from the Unified Silla period, and is located in Gyeongju 慶州市 , South Korea. It was constructed between 751 and 774 CE when Gim Daeseong resigned his position in the king's court and declared a UNESCO World heritage sight in 1995. It is considered one of the finest example of Buddhist art and expresses the religious devotion of those living during the silla period. In addition, it expresses the importance of Buddhism in Silla’s socio-political arena. Unified Silla (668- 935 CE) - the first dynasty to rule over the whole of the Korean peninsula - After centuries of battles with the other states of the Three Kingdoms Period Silla benefitted from the help of the Chinese Tang Dynasty to finally defeat its rivals and form a unified Korean state -the kingdom would flourish and produce some of the finest art and architecture yet seen in ancient Korea. Big capital, well –designed Local tough man( they try to not send money back to capital) Decline: - largely due to the rigidity 死板 of its class structure bone rank system - the strict social classification of entitlements 權利 and obligations dictated 支配 by one's birth lack of opportunity to rise above the class of one's birth create a stagnation 停滯 of ideas and innovations aristocracy 貴族階層 began, too, to resent 對…感到憤恨 the power of the king the peasantry 農民 grew more and more resentful of the incessant 持續不斷的 taxes levied upon them local landed aristocrats (songju) became ever more difficult to control from Gyeongju
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