KORE 1021 lecture2 23:1.docx - Three Kingdoms Period(57BC 668AD 1 Goguryeo 2 Baekje 3 Silla Baekje and Silla dominated the southern half of the Korean

KORE 1021 lecture2 23:1.docx - Three Kingdoms Period(57BC...

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Three Kingdoms Period (57BC – 668AD) 1. Goguryeo 2. Baekje 3. Silla Baekje and Silla dominated the southern half of the Korean Peninsula Goguryeo controlled the Liaodong Peninsula, Manchuria and the northern half of the Korean Peninsula In 7 th century, Silla allied with China(Tang dynasty) Silla unified the Korean Peninsula for the first time in Korean history Forming a united Korean national identity for the first time Fall of Baekje and Goguryeo Tang dynasty established a short-lived military government to administer part of the Korean peninsula Silla- Tang Wars Silla forces expel the Protectorate armies from the peninsula The following period is known as the Unified Silla or Later Silla (668–935). Four Han Commanderies 漢四郡 The Chinese colony 殖民地 located in northern Korean Peninsula and part of Liaodong Peninsula It was set up to control the population in the former Gojoseon area Set up by Emperor Wu 漢武帝 of the Han dynasty in early 2 nd century BC after his conquest 征服 of Wiman Joseon 衛滿朝鮮 Lelang Commandery  ( 樂浪郡 낙랑군 / 락랑군 , BC. 108 ~ AD 313): [9]   A centre of cultural and economic exchange with successive Chinese dynasties for  4 centuries Chinese administrative centre   had considerable impact on the life of the native  population   ultimatedly the very fabric 基礎 of Gojoseon society became eroded.
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of them retreated westward or fell within a few decades: Lintun Commandery  ( 臨屯郡 임둔군 , BC 107 ~ BC 82) Xuantu Commandery  ( 玄菟郡 현도군 , BC 107 ~ AD 302): [10]   Zhenfan Commandery  ( 真番郡 진번군 , BC 107 ~ BC 82) Tan’ gun 檀君 Myth The legendary founder of Gojoseon, the first ever Korean Kingdom Tangun is a mythological 神話中的 first king of the Koreans found the kingdom in 2333BC 1. The grandson of Hwanin(lord of heaven) 2. The son of Hwanung (yearn to live on the earth among the valleys and mountains) Hwanung: -founded the Sinsi 神市 ” City of God” on Baekdu Mountain -he instituted laws and moral codes , taught humans various arts, medicine, and agriculture -legend attributes the development of acupuncture 施行針灸治療 and moxibustion 艾灸
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