Kore 1021 lsn 4.docx - Chungju Gyeongbokgung iconic symbol for both the Korean nation and the Korean royal family the main royal palace of the Joseon

Kore 1021 lsn 4.docx - Chungju Gyeongbokgung iconic symbol...

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ChungjuGyeongbokgung-iconic symbol for both the Korean nation and the Korean royal family-the main royal palace of the Joseon dynasty-built in 1395, by King Taejo, the first king and the founder of the Joseon dynasty-located in northern seoul, south korea-the largest of the Five Grand Palaces built by the Joseon dynasty-it served as the home of kings of the Joseon dynasty as well as the govt. of Joseon-It was severely damaged by fire in 1553King Myeongjong ordered restoration in the following year- four decades later, the Gyeongbokgung Palace was burnt to the ground during the Japanese invasions of Korea of 1592-1598Fall of the Koryo-In the 13th century Koryŏ suffered from a series of invasions by the Mongols-King Kongmin (1352–74) attempted a set of reforms to drive out the invaders and eliminate their influence from the court, but without success.-Finally, in 1392, the newly emerged Confucian scholar Gen. Yi Sŏng-gye overthrew推翻 the shaky dynasty and founded the Joseon(Yi) dynasty (1392–1910).Mongol invasions of Korea (Goryeo)(1231 - 1273)-Goryeo experienced six invasions by the Mongols-Six major campaigns took place at tremendous cost to civilian lives throughout the Korean Peninsula-ultimately resulting in Korea becoming a tributary ally of the Mongol Yuan Dynasty for approximately 80 years-In 1350, Goryeo succeeded in throwing off the Mongol tributary yoke軛套-Eventually, after 40 years of invasions and Korea served as a tributary ally of the Mongol Yuan Dynasty for 80 years, Goryeo survived as a unified nation.- The Goryeo dynasty survived under Mongolian influence until King Gongmin beganto push Mongolian forces back around 1350.Yuan Dynasty and Son-in-Law Period- Korean princes customarily married Mongol princesses and were sent to the Yuan Court, more or less as political hostages.-King Gongmin was sent in 1341 to the Yuan court, where he married the Mongol princess Queen Noguk (魯國大長公主) and spent ten years before ascending to the Korean throne.Kanghwa island-A new threat to Korea emerged in the early 13th century CE when the Mongol tribes,swept through China and conquered Beijing in 1215 CE-The crisis came in 1231 CE when the Mongols, invaded Korea, forcing Goryeo to move its capital to Kanghwa Island the following year-While the ruling elite was safely ensconced安置 on their island, the rest of the Goryeo population had to face six Mongol invasions over the next three decades.
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King Kongmin(r.1351-1374)恭愍王-ruled Goryeo Dynasty Korea from 1351 to 1374-spent ten years as a political hostage人質 at the Yuan Court in China before ascending the Goryeo throne in 1351-Soon after he became King, the Yuan dynasty crumbled碎裂, to be replaced by the Ming dynasty (明朝) in 1368-implementing political and social reforms that would establish Goryeo as an independent nation once again-He reclaimed拿回 the northern provinces of Korea from the Mongols, removed all pro-Mongol aristocrats and military officers from their positions, and attempted to reform the system of land ownership-
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