6 - History and Nation: Indian Identity in a Postcolonial...

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History and Nation: Indian Identity in a Postcolonial World Lecture Outline o Where is India? o What is India’s pre-colonial, colonial, and independence history? o How large is India? o How diverse is India? o What is the basis of Indian national identity? o Who is an Indian? Lecture Sources o Sunil Khilnani, The Idea of India (1997) o Shashi Tharoor, India: From Midnight to Millennium (1997) o National Commission for Enterprises in the Unorganised Sector (NCEUS) 2007 report o Perry-Castaneda Map Collection, University of Texas at Austin library online “In India as elsewhere, present politics are shaped by conceptions of the past. Broadly, there have been two differing descriptions of Indian history. One sees India as a victim of recurring invasions, whether led by Muslim horsemen or European adventurers, Aryan tribes or satellite TV moguls. The other views India as an arena of cultural encounters, often uncomfortable, between unequal protagonists, which have produced unique and splendid cultural forms.” (Khilnani, The Idea of India, xiv) Colonialism o When was the precolonial period? o Colonial period o 1600 East India Company o 1858 Government of India Act: transferred governing of India to British crown (British Raj) Independence Movements o 1885 Indian National Congress o 1906 Muslim League o 1913 Jinnah left Congress; joined Muslim League o 1914-1918 World War I o 1919 Rowlatt Acts o 1919 Amritsar Massacre o 1939-1945 World War II Partition (1947) o Divided Punjab into Indian state of Punjab and independent state of West Pakistan o Divided Bengal into Indian state of West Bengal and separate state of East Pakistan. o (1971 War: East Pakistan became Bangladesh) o Single largest episode of the population relocation in modern history o 12 to 14 million people crossed borders o About 1 million people died in communal violence Independent Indian Policies o Democracy
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o Secularism o Non-alignment
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This note was uploaded on 03/23/2008 for the course MC 202 taught by Professor Kikiedozie during the Spring '08 term at Michigan State University.

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6 - History and Nation: Indian Identity in a Postcolonial...

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