January 19 2018 Chapter 3.docx - LINB20 Chapter 3 Notes Place Topics to Cover How Do Regional Differences Develop Regional Differences In English

January 19 2018 Chapter 3.docx - LINB20 Chapter 3 Notes...

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January 19 2018LINB20 Chapter 3 NotesPlaceHOW DO REGIONAL DIFFERENCES DEVELOP?
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By the time of the American Revolution, which took place from 1776-1783, three major dialects have developed in the Eastern United States (Northern variety in New England and the Hudson Valley, Midland dialect of Pennsylvania, and Southern dialect)The southern British colonies Australia, New Zealand, and South Africa were settled in the 1800s with a predominant Cockney componentInner circles of English regard English as the official and first language of most people, while outer circles of English regard English as historically important due to colonial history, playing an institutional role, but is not the first language of most peopleIn expanding circles, English does not have an official role, but is still widely spoken as aforeign language, or a shared language of communicationSociolinguists usually study inner circles because they assume that linguistic regularity ofnon-standard varieties grow out of native speaker competenceHowever, sociolinguists who study the outer and expanding circles want to find out the role of language in society, and there are probably more people who speak English in these areasDIALECT LEVELINGOccurs in a three stage process: the original settler generations keep their home dialects, the next generation chooses a somewhat random dialect from all options available, and the third generation levels out the diversity in favour of the most frequent variantTHE “R-FUL” TRUTH ABOUT AMERICAN ENGLISH
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  • Summer '19
  • social isolation, linguistic features, sociolinguists, Linguistic Isolation

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