January 12 2018 Chapter 1.docx - LINB20 Chapter 1 Notes Introduction to Sociolinguistics Topics to Cover Speech Communities Types of Sociolinguistics

January 12 2018 Chapter 1.docx - LINB20 Chapter 1 Notes...

This preview shows page 1 - 2 out of 2 pages.

January 12 2018 LINB20 Chapter 1 Notes Introduction to Sociolinguistics SPEECH COMMUNITIES Groups of people who share a language variety and social conventions (also known as sociolinguistic norms) about language usage TYPES OF SOCIOLINGUISTICS Sociolinguistics studies the relationship between language and society Languages can differ in terms of communities, regions, and ethnicities Social categories, such as socioeconomic status, ethnicity, and gender contribute to how we use language Languages can change as time goes on Social relationships can influence how we use language Language diversity is described in terms of multilingualism Language is also heavily present in education HISTORY OF SOCIOLINGUISTICS In 1958, sociologist John L. Fischer studied the “g-dropping” phenomenon with the word “running”, in order to investigate the relationship between language variation and social organization He found statistically significant correlations between the linguistic form, and the
Image of page 1
Image of page 2

You've reached the end of your free preview.

Want to read both pages?

Unformatted text preview: student’s gender and social class. In other words, he found a structured variation, where the choice between forms is linked back to other factors Therefore, no free variation was present. In free variation, the choice between forms is completely arbitrary and unpredictable Some earlier linguistic works also assumed categoricity, in which all linguistic rules apply Technological advances, social activism, and advances in education contributed to the study of sociolinguistics Topics to Cover: Speech Communities Types of Sociolinguistics History of Sociolinguistics Sociolinguistics is closely related to anthropology, gender studies, ethnic studies, dialectology, phonetics, and sociology The sociology of language considers how society and language interact at a strict social level...
View Full Document

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern

Stuck? We have tutors online 24/7 who can help you get unstuck.
A+ icon
Ask Expert Tutors You can ask You can ask You can ask (will expire )
Answers in as fast as 15 minutes
A+ icon
Ask Expert Tutors