March 23 2018 Chapter 8.docx - LINB20 Chapter 8 Notes Style Topics to Cover Background on Style Defining and Measuring Style Different Tasks and

March 23 2018 Chapter 8.docx - LINB20 Chapter 8 Notes Style...

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March 23 2018 LINB20 Chapter 8 Notes Style BACKGROUND ON STYLE Style is used to describe “within-speaker” variations in language, as opposed to variations across groups Furthermore, style describes differences between the different ways we speak in a variety of interactions Also correlates with which social characteristics to reveal or perform DEFINING AND MEASURING STYLE The simplest sociolinguistic conceptualization of style is degree of formality We pay more attention to our speech in formal situations, while we use more informal speech in relaxed situations William Labov’s concept of attention to speech suggests that different levels of formality result from the amount of attention one pays to their speech. This is usually measured with voice recordings, but it can be difficult to separate casual speech from careful speech Furthermore, not all speech styles fit easily on a careful-casual continuum. People can consciously shift from informal speech to formal speech Paralinguistic channel cues, such as tempo, pitch, volume, breathing rate, and laughter, are also used to identify casual speech, in addition to using speech tasks to discover different levels of awareness of speech
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