February 2 2018 Chapter 7.docx - February 2 2018 LINB20 Chapter 7 Notes Gender Topics to Cover Background on Gender Gender and Interaction Difference

February 2 2018 Chapter 7.docx - February 2 2018 LINB20...

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February 2 2018 LINB20 Chapter 7 Notes Gender BACKGROUND ON GENDER Speaker Agency: the ability of speakers to control what they do, as well as make conscious choices In some instances, people make choices about their language use, in order to position themselves with respect to others There is a biological difference between male and female voices, in terms of pitch. Men usually have lower pitched voices than women due to longer vocal cords Language differences that are linked to gender are a result of what we do, not how we act Sex deals with a biologically constructed identity, whereas gender refers to a socially constructed identity Grammatical Gender: a way of classifying nouns as either feminine or masculine, sometimes with the usage of case markers GENDER AND INTERACTION Many articles on this topic were published by Robin Lackoff In her article Language and Women’s Place, Lackoff discusses the existence of women’s language, how it is characterized by an identifiable group of linguistic features, their use of indirect approaches in conversation, and how they talk about themselves, as well as men The common features of women’s language include hedges (sort of), fillers (well, you know), tag questions (It’s nice, isn’t it?), rising intonation in non-questions (this is also referred to as “uptalk”), empty adjectives (divine, cute), precise color terms (turquoise, Topics to Cover: Background on Gender Gender and Interaction Difference and Dominance How Do Languages Encode Gender?
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  • Summer '19
  • Deborah Tannen, Gender identity results, Language and Women, gender neutral markers, female gender agreement

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