FTV Final Review.pdf - FTV 6A Final Review WWII(1941-1945...

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FTV 6A Final Review WWII (1941-1945) Frank Capra- Worked for Hal Roach and Harry Langdon; produced Mr. Smith Goes to Washington, It Happened one Night, It’s a Wonderful Life and B-series for Columbia like Blondie and Mark of the Whistler ; made the Why We Fight propaganda film series for soldiers during WWII John Ford- Auteur director that worked for Fox and other studios; made Battle of Midway, an Oscar-winning documentary film for the U.S. Navy in color; made his last films during the Hollywood slump John Huston- Made Battle of San Pietro during WWII about fighting in Italy, the beginning of cinema verite; directed the film noir movie The Maltese Falcon as well as The African Queen and The Red Badge of Courage; co-founded the Committee for the First Amendment William Wyler- German-born American; directed a number of actresses to stardom, like Audrey Hepburn and Barbra Streisand; directed Ben-Hur and The Best Years of Our Lives; filmed the documentary Memphis Belle during the war while flying over Germany in a bomber mission, putting his life personally at risk; co-founded the Committee for the First Amendment Film noir- A genre popularized in the decade following the height of WWII; influenced by German expressionism and immigrant directors; characterized by cynicism, fatalism, gloomy themes and dark tones; anti-hero and femme fatale archetypes abounded; films like Maltese Falcon, The Big Sleep, and Gun Crazy ; directors like Fritz Lang, Billy Wilder, and Otto Preminger Big 5 vs. Little 3- The Big 5 were vertically integrated (production, exhibition, distribution) until they were broken up by the Anti-Trust Act; owned regional first run theater chains; stopped block-booking for the sake of cooperation in sharing theater screens The Little 3 (United Artists, Columbia, and Universal) supplied mostly B movies and independent films; relationship with the big studios was symbiotic Long term option contracts- given by the Hollywood star system to their stars; this bound their talents to the studio while giving them little to no creative control or say in what kinds of roles they would play; received no percentage of revenue; after the Paramount Consent Decree, they declined by 1948 as agents began to come onto the scene
Exploitation films- Intended to attract an audience by means of their sensationalist or controversial content; Mom and Dad in 1945 showed a childbirth scene separately for men and women; usually B-movies Pro-Soviet films- After Hitler turned against Russia, the Soviet Union allied with the Allies, so the U.S. created pro-Soviet films during WWII such as The North Star and Mission to Moscow ; a lot of the writers and directors unfortunately ended up on the Blacklist in the 1950s The Hollywood Canteen- Created by Bette Davis and John Garfield, this canteen operated from 1942 to 1945 and offered free admission, drinks, and Hollywood star entertainment to servicemen; based off of Stage Canteen in New York Office of War Information (OWI)- U.S. government agency created by Roosevelt during

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