examrevision.docx - Topic 1 Tuesday 2 June 2015 9:39 AM Law...

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Topic 1 Tuesday, 2 June 2015 9:39 AM Law and Society Impact of Law: Peer pressure: As our friends follow the law we fell pressure to do the same as them. Religious and moral influences: religious and moral influences influence us on the extent to which the is followed. Parental influences: For young children, parents have more influence on their action than the law. Acceptance that rules are necessary: most people see that it is very necessary to follow and accept the law as it makes society a fair and equitable place to live. Fear of sanctions: the law impacts people to fear the sanctions if they break it. Rule of Law: The idea that a country should be governed or controlled by a fixed set of rules that apply to everyone and everything with no double standards. Everybody should be held accountable for their actions. These rules need to reflect what we believe is right and wrong Development of Law: Law has developed to form different types of law Rules: outline the acceptable behaviour within the operation of an organisation. Customs: the socially acceptable conduct within an organisation or community. Codes: Civilised societies have often written down law in codes or manuscripts e.g. the Koran. Creeds: rules based on either morality of society or religious beliefs or values and can be linked to codes. Common Law Also known as case law or judge made law The judgment judges make in court and it takes into account the different types of law that have been developed over centuries. Legislature (Parliament) Parliament/legislature is the principle law maker. Representative for parliament are elected at federal and state level and they represent their electorates (representative government). Regarded as main law maker as it has the power to take away statutes/laws (Acts of Parliament) from other governing bodies e.g. government departments. Executive (Government) Government is comprised of cabinet ministers who are selected from the political party that has gained most number of seats in the Lower House. They are answerable to laws made by parliament and how they conduct their government department. Government departments make laws to assist in administrating and supporting the Acts of Parliament. A feature of responsible parliament.
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Judiciary When a dispute occurs between a law and how it was made, a judge is called upon to provide their interpretation. They use the doctrine of precedent to guide their judgments, which takes into account cases of similar nature. Judges can also set their own precedents through the judgement of statutes. If a judge interprets a law contrary to the belief of parliament, they have the power to overturn it by passing a new statue.
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