the masque of the red death 2.ppt - Objective students will read The Masque of the Red Death in order to compare to other romantics and examine for

the masque of the red death 2.ppt - Objective students will...

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Unformatted text preview: Objective: students will read “The Masque of the Red Death” in order to compare to other romantics and examine for allegory. Warm-up: Define allegory (462) and copy the chart to fill out after you read. Allegory Person, Object or Event The prince The abbey The series of seven rooms The clock The stranger Possible Meaning Possible Lesson of Story The Masque of the Red Death Edgar Allan Poe Edgar Allan Poe 1809-1849 His Family and Tragic Life Born in Boston The son of traveling actors Lived a tragic and unhappy life Tragic and Unhappy Mother died ofLife tuberculosis when Poe was one Father deserted him at the age of two Adopted by Mr. and Mrs. John Allan Had constant disagreements with his step-father John Allan . . . continued Studied briefly at the University of Virginia Drinking and gambling difficulties kept him from continuing at UVA University of Virginia, . . .continued Received an appointment to West Point, but provoked his own dismissal Caused a final separation between himself and step-father West Point Crest . . .continued In 1836 married his 14 year old cousin, Virginia Last 12 years of life worked as journalist, editor, and creative writer Virginia Clemm . . . continued Lived in poverty stricken conditions most of his life In 1846 wife died after a long illness Poe’s home during the 1840’s Addiction All evidence suggests that Poe was an alcoholic. Poe also habitually used drugs such as morphine, opium, and laudanum to treat depression and other health conditions. Poe had a weakened nervous system due to a brain lesion and a heart condition. Laudanum, a highly addictive, opium based medicine, was commonly used to treat headaches and stomach pains in 1800’s. . . . continued Died in Baltimore after having been found in a drunken stupor Died a poor man Poe’s Work Known for: Tales of mystery and terror stories Introducing the modern detective story Just a Few Titles Short Stories: Poems: The Tell-Tale Heart The Cask of Amontillado The Black Cat, The Pit and The Pendulum The Raven Annabel Lee To Helen Lenore “The Masque of the Red Death” The Setting: An abbey The Setting is an abbey, or monastery, converted by the rich Prince ProsperoThe intotime a private palace and is the banquet hall. Middle Ages The Setting: An abbey The Setting: An abbey The Plague is usually associated with the worst contagion to th hit Europe before the 20 century— the Black Death — which, in the mid-14 th The Plague Its spread: 1347-1351 The Plague came from a bacterium now that normally lived named Yersinia pestis in the bloodstreams of fleas, which, in turn, lived on black rats. The Plague When the rats died, the fleas had to find new homes — humans — and a new food supply — human blood. When fleas bit people, they The Plague in human hosts (such as this infectedvictim) the lymph modern nodes, causing black swellings, called buboes. From this symptom came the disease’s common names: Black Death and Bubonic The Plague Poe’s version of this illness — the “Red Death” — does not strictly correspond to bubonic plague. He combines it with tuberculosis, which killed several family members, and plays up the bloodiness of the disease. The Plague in the Middle Ages had no effective cure. Doctors tried to treat it by lancing the buboes. , either The Plague way, killed millions, The Plan Before the Red Death arrived, Prospero planned to be elsewhere — specifically, in his converted abbey, with all The Plan ”a thousand hale and light-hearted friends from among the knights and dames of his court.” The Plan ... then the doors could be welded shut, and the abbey The Masquerade So the guests prepared their “There were much glare and glitter and piquancy and phantasm … The Masquerade Vocabulary Define the vocabulary Complete Vocabulary in Action (463) Literary Term: Reference to a famous historical or Allusion literary figure or event Best sources are literature, history, Greek mythology, and the Bible Serves to explain or clarify or enhance whatever subject Literary Term: GothicSupernatural Elements horrors and an atmosphere of unknown terror pervades the action High emotion, sentimentalism, but also pronounced anger, surprise, and especially terror Use of words indicating fear, mystery: apparition, devil, ghost, haunted, terror, fright, fainting Literary Term: Symbol Something that is itself and yet also Something that is itself and yet also represents something else Universal symbols embodying universally recognizable meanings Invested symbols give symbolic meaning by the way an author uses them in a literary work Symbols are very common in literature Allegory: A Story Behind a Story An allegory is a narrative that is really a double story. One story takes place on the surface. Under the surface the story’s characters and events represent abstract ideas or states of being, things like love or freedom, evil or goodness, hell or heaven. To work, an allegory must operate on two levels. On the level of pure storytelling, an allegory must hold our attention. Its characters must seem believable and interesting enough for us to care about them. On the allegorical level the ideas in the story must be accessible to us. As you read, you should find that the allegorical level of the story gradually begins to strike you. See if you find that Poe’s story of arrogance and death hooks you on both levels. The Masque of the Red Death: Poe’s fictional Red Death is probably based on the Black Death,Background which swept fourteenth-century Europe and Asia, killing as many as two thirds of the population in some regions in less than twenty years. Poe calls the plague “the Red Death” because victims oozed blood from painful sores. In this story a fourteenth-century prince gives a costume party, or masque, to try to forget about the epidemic raging all around him. The Black Death This particular type of plague was the bubonic plague, which is caused by a bacteria that lived in rats and other rodents. Human beings were infected through bites from the fleas that lived on these rats. The symptoms associated with plague are bubos, which are painful swellings of the lymph nodes. These typically appear in the armpits, legs, neck, or groin. If left untreated, plague victims die within two to four days. Victims of this disease suffered swelling in the armpit and groin, as well as bleeding in the lungs. Victims also suffered a very high fever, delirium, and prostration. Summary Poe’s tale of an eccentric nobleman and the Red Death ravaging his land can be read both as a chilling ghost story and as an allegory representing human folly and the inevitability of death. (In other words, you cannot hide from death regardless how much money you have.) Comprehension Check Why does Prince Prospero close himself and his courtiers off in the abbey? 2. Why does the masked figure’s presence cause such a sensation? 3. What happens to the prince and the revellers? 1. Time for further thought Complete questions 1-7 Summary Prince Prospero invites a thousand lords and ladies to escape death by living luxuriously in his castle until the pestilence passes. To entertain his guests Prospero hosts a masquerade party that takes place in seven halls, each a different color. Summary At the stroke of midnight, a tall figure in a bloodsplattered burial costume appears. Prospero demands that his friends seize the intruder, but everyone is frozen with fear as the stranger slowly walks through the rooms. Finally, Prospero rushes after him into the black seventh room. Summary When the intruder turns, the host falls dead. The revelers then grab the stranger but find the costume empty. All soon die of the Red Death. Comments The allegorical meaning of the story is found in such details as Prospero’s name (Prospero means prosperous) Unfortunately, the Red Death attacks the rich and poor alike The stranger’s appearance (Dressed like the Grim Reaper or Death) The arrangement of the seven halls The rooms of the palace, lined up in a series, allegorically represent the stages of life. Their colors, particularly the black (death) and red (blood) of the westernmost room with its ebony clock marking the inevitable passage of time. “No matter how beautiful the castle, how luxuriant the clothing, or how rich the food, no mortal, not even a prince, Symbols Symbols are people, places, events, or things that stand for ideas larger than themselves. Symbolism What symbols do you see in this story? The Seven Rooms Blue- East, windows the same color Purple- windows the same color Green- windows the same color Orange- windows the same color White- windows the same color Violet- windows the same color Black- West, blood-red windows Other Symbols & Meanings The Ebony Clock 2. The Masquerade Ball 1. 1. wearing masks, anonymous… could represent everyone Plague(The Red Death) 4. The Uninvited Guest 3. The Seven Rooms: What do they symbolize? Where East does the sun rise/set? & West Which color symbolizes death? Black A day can represent a person’s life… Sunrise is birth Sunset(or night) is death The Ebony Clock: What does it mean? Time… running out? Mortality – time running out eventually ending in death The Uninvited Guest? A representation of death (specifically The Red Death) that comes to kill Prince Prospero and the rest of the nobles. Theme? No one, no matter how rich or powerful, can escape the slow march of time…and ultimately death. This powerpoint was kindly donated to is home to over a thousand powerpoints submitted by teachers. This is a completely free site and requires no registration. Please visit and I hope it will help in your teaching. ...
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