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JACQUELINE HOWELLAC 1011244HS150 – WORLD CIVILIZATION 1ASSIGNMENT 08FEBRUARY 1st, 2018WHAT MAJOR CHANGES IN POLITICAL STRUCTURES, AND SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC LIFE,OCCURRED DURING EACH OF THE FOLLOWING?1.THE SUI DYNASTY2.THE TANG DYNASTY3.THE SONG DYNASTYChina is known for being one of the world’s richest historical countries. It has a cultural historywhich is long and mysterious spanning over a period of over 5,000 years. Over the more than5,000 years of history, numerous dynasties were formed which ruled part or all of China at anyperiod. There is even a period known as the Sixteen Kingdoms era where over a period of 135years, territories in the north of China changed hands so many times and affected thepopulation numbers so drastically that it was eventually taken over and unified in 439. Thisessay serves to highlight three of the most influential dynasties that can be found during China’svast history and to show how they affected each other. The Sui Dynasty
The first of these dynasties is the Sui Dynasty which was one of the shortest major dynasties inChina. It was founded initially in Northern China by a Northern General by the name of YangJian in 581 A.D. In 589 A.D. the Sui Dynasty, under the rule of Yang Jian, now known as EmperorWendi, was able to defeat the Chen Dynasty in the Southern region and for the first time in overthree centuries, China was unified. Emperor Wendi then, as a means of ensuring economic equality across the dynasty, went aboutreintroducing centralized governance and restoring of the Han Chinese system for civil service.He also, as a means of encouraging both agriculture and trade throughout the dynasty, wentabout building the Grand Canal which he thought would link both northern and southern China.