Psych 515 Adv Ab Psych - Paranoid Schiz.doc

Psych 515 Adv Ab Psych - Paranoid Schiz.doc

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PSYCH 515 Advanced Abnormal Psychology University of Phoenix Material Case Report: Paranoid Schizophrenia Background Information Outline the major symptoms of the disorder discussed in the case. Schizophrenia is the most challenging mental illness to cope with. The condition can appear suddenly and destroy a person’s thoughts, emotions, and understandings of the world around him. The most common symptoms of Schizophrenia are overt behaviors such as delusions and hallucinations. Delusions are beliefs that are not grounded in any reality. People who suffer from this symptom may believe themselves to be someone of great importance, or they may feel that someone is trying to kill them. People with this illness create multifaceted delusional worlds that include elaborate schemes and distorted realities. They also are known to think that their mind is being manipulated by some outside source. Hallucinations are errors of perception that make the Schizophrenic person think they are seeing or hearing things that are not real. Approximately 70% of people who suffer from this disease experience hallucinations. The thought and language pattern of these individuals is often illogical and disjointed. There are also negative symptoms associated with this disease. Schizophrenics are known to have emotional flattening, which means they display hardly and response to their surroundings. The causes of this illness are still being researched, but there are several theories. The Diathesis-stress model states that genetic and biological aspects influence certain people to express the illness. Much of the research shows that schizophrenia does run in the family genetics. The size of the brain in schizophrenics is smaller than the normal brain Page 1 of 1 PSYCH515r1
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PSYCH 515 Advanced Abnormal Psychology and has enlarged ventricles. Another idea suggests that the traits of schizophrenia are created by over stimulated neurotransmitters within the synapse of the brain. There are also environmental factors that can influence the onset of this disease. While some people may be genetically predisposed, their environmental stressors may be what truly trigger the expression of schizophrenia. Briefly describe the client’s background. Valerie has been struggling with Schizophrenia since she was 28 years old. Her childhood was fairly normal and she functioned quite normally as a child and a teenager. She does remember feeling like she did not belong socially, but was successful in school and had a close relationship with her parents. She went to college and got married in her mid twenties and even went on to graduate school. At age 28 she recalls experiencing her first delusion. She thought that people were plotting to destroy the church that she belonged to. For a while she did not tell anyone what she was thinking, instead she wrote about it in her journal. When she did finally tell her husband, he told her that what she was saying was not true and eventually she was put in an institution against her will.
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