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Franz Liszt (1811-1886)Franz Liszt’s extraordinary career reflects his complex biography (see chronology, below):Hungarian heritage, Viennese training (through Salieri and Czerny), French literary Romanticism (through Princess Caroline Sayn-Wittgenstein)Born the son of a minor official at the Esterhazy CourtTrained by Salieri (theory and counterpoint)Trained by Czerny (pupil of Beethoven) on piano1822—debut at age 111825—Liszt moves to Paris after the death of his father. Over the next six years, Liszt takes on piano students (many the children of wealthy families), falls in love, suffers a nervous breakdown, and regroups.1832—meets Paganini1833—meets Marie d’Agoult. He lived with her from 1835-39. They had three children, of which Cosima (who later married Hans von Bülow and then Richard Wagner) was the second child.1842-47—Liszt’s popularity as a pianist sweeps over Europe. He is idolized as a pianist. Women reputedly fought over his gloves and handkerchiefs as souvenirs of his concerts. 1847—meets Caroline Sayn-Wittgenstein. It was under her influence that Liszt retired from the concert stage as a pianist and took up composition and conducting1848—retired from the concert stage as a pianist1848-61—Music Director at Weimar1861—moved to Rome at took minor orders in the Catholic ChurchMajor Works:13 symphonic (tone) poems, including Les Preludes, Orpheus, Hamlet2 symphonies—Faust, Dante. 100s of piano works, including1.Sonata in B Minor2.Transcendental etudes3.Années de pélerinage4.numerous transcriptions3 piano concertos4 masses