Liszt's life.rev.doc - Franz Liszt(1811-1886 Franz Liszts extraordinary career reflects his complex biography(see chronology below Hungarian heritage

Liszt's life.rev.doc - Franz Liszt(1811-1886 Franz Liszts...

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Franz Liszt (1811-1886) Franz Liszt’s extraordinary career reflects his complex biography (see chronology, below): Hungarian heritage, Viennese training (through Salieri and Czerny), French literary Romanticism (through Princess Caroline Sayn-Wittgenstein) Born the son of a minor official at the Esterhazy Court Trained by Salieri (theory and counterpoint) Trained by Czerny (pupil of Beethoven) on piano 1822—debut at age 11 1825—Liszt moves to Paris after the death of his father. Over the next six years, Liszt takes on piano students (many the children of wealthy families), falls in love, suffers a nervous breakdown, and regroups. 1832—meets Paganini 1833—meets Marie d’Agoult. He lived with her from 1835-39. They had three children, of which Cosima (who later married Hans von Bülow and then Richard Wagner) was the second child. 1842-47—Liszt’s popularity as a pianist sweeps over Europe. He is idolized as a pianist. Women reputedly fought over his gloves and handkerchiefs as souvenirs of his concerts. 1847—meets Caroline Sayn-Wittgenstein. It was under her influence that Liszt retired from the concert stage as a pianist and took up composition and conducting 1848—retired from the concert stage as a pianist 1848-61—Music Director at Weimar 1861—moved to Rome at took minor orders in the Catholic Church Major Works: 13 symphonic (tone) poems, including Les Preludes, Orpheus, Hamlet 2 symphonies— Faust, Dante . 100s of piano works, including 1. Sonata in B Minor 2. Transcendental etudes 3. Années de pélerinage 4. numerous transcriptions 3 piano concertos 4 masses
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