180501222124.docx - Metaphysics Question one Metaphysics is...

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Metaphysics Question one Metaphysics is a study which aims at revealing the true nature of things. Metaphysics tries to identify the composition, texture, the nature, and the traits of things. It is mostly associated with the theoretical explanation of things which we cannot observe by our eyes. Metaphysics was developed with an attempt to give an explanation on what the reality is and what the world holds. As a result, there are four critical issues which lead to the emergence of the Metaphysics view. The first was the inquiry into what exists and what actually exist. The second is science of the reality as opposed to what appears to be real. Third was the study of the world as whole. The last one is the theory of the first principles. A reflection that what two different heads states shows that they are less different from one another. Together, the four issues forms the foundation of the metaphysics in the world of philosophy. There are different philosophers in history that contributes substantially to the idea of metaphysics. The first is Plato. Plato’s argument on the metaphysics was based on his theory of ideas and forms. The underlying argument as explained by Plato is that ideas exist independently. They are not attached or a subject to any form for their existence. They are free from what we see in our environment or have an ability to touch. On the other hand, he explain that to some extent, it is the ideas that has led to the existence of the things we can feel and see. He also argue that soul and mind exist separately from the body. According to him, the body cannot move on itself, the motion we see is probably the work of mind. The second person was a student of Plato by the name Aristotle. He believed that even though things exist in different manner and numerous way which is distinct from each other, they are linked with particular kind. It means that we can have different stars that exist on their own and functions independently, however,
they all belong to a particular kind of being. In this case, therefore, Aristotle claim that being is not a thing or an attribute the way we can define a man. However, we can only pick up some sense of it for instance when stating, “This is a man” to shows that other things depends on it. Question two Dualism is a branch of metaphysics which states the reality is classified into two kinds. There is the material characteristics and the immaterial traits. The material traits form the physical kind the immaterial is the spiritual kind. One of the founders of the Dualism was Plato. In his view, he claim that in the world, there are things we perceive to exist from the objects, yet they are just nothing other than how a man and his shadow can be perceived. They are intangible.

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