History 150B Midterm Study Guide.docx - Part I Short Answer Terms Names Dates Locations Royal African Company A trading company chartered by the English

History 150B Midterm Study Guide.docx - Part I Short Answer...

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Part I Short Answer Terms, Names, Dates, Locations Royal African Company - A trading company chartered by the English government in 1672 to conduct its merchants trade on atlantic coast of africa. 1672 British trading company set up by Stuart family to trade along W. Coast of Africa. Mainly traded with Gold Coast. Originally set up for gold, but quickly moved to slave trade. 5k slaves per year – mostly went to Caribbean and Virgi nia. Despite the RAC's attempt at monopoly, most of Britain's exported slaves in the eighteenth century still found themselves on the ships of other trading companies and privateers. gained control of Cape Coast castle in 1757 Dutch West India Company - Trading company chartered by the Dutch government in 1621, to conduct its merchants trade in the americas and africa.Not many settlers, ho wever, purchased slaves in these first years, leaving the Dutch West India (DWI) Com pany itself as New Netherlands' largest slaveholder. It was not a complete economic l oss for them. The DWI gained profits from this unique position by renting out, instea d of selling outright, enslaved black men and women. Triangular Trade- Trade system where goods were transported from Europe to Africa in exchange for gold or slaves, who were brought to the new world and whose produ cts like tobacco, sugar and cotton, were brought back to Europe. Barracoon- Location (Dungeon Space of a fort) where captured slaves were held on t he western coast of the African continent while they awaited transport across the Atl antic Ocean. Conditions generally were very harsh, filthy, and fearsome, contributing to the 20 percent of enslaved Africans who died before they reached the Americas. Swedenborg- Elmina. First castle to protect and service them for the investment in At lantic slave trades built by portuguese in 1471 along the Gold Coast. * Slave trade ow ned by the swedish. ????? THIS CAN’T BE RIGHT Elmina Huge castle/fort on the Western coast of Africa. It was used to store slaves as well as ivory & gold while waiting for ships. It was first point of contact with E uropeans/Portuguese who arrived in 1471 – Elmina castle was erected in 148 2. It was taken over by the Dutch in 1637 and they kept it for 274 years. Well- designed architecturally. First point of contact with Europeans and the Portuguese arrived in 1471, to t rade in gold, spices, ivory and other African artifacts. This castle was taken ov er by the Dutch in 1637. Used to ‘store’ slaves, along with ivory and gold, whil e they waited for slave ships to arrive and collect them Cape Coast Castle Cape Coast Castle: Located in Ghana – slave castle like Elmina. Originally built by Swedes in 1650 but was taken over by British in 1662 and then suffered a s eries of take-overs by competing colonial powers. (French, Dutch and British) Lisbon- Capital of Portugal, By the late 15th century, the Portuguese were exporting a pproximately 2000 Africans per year. This rough estimate continued through the sixte
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enth century. Many of these slaves did not go directly to Brazil or to other colonial ou
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