Jan 2018 Chapter 6 - Memory.pdf

Jan 2018 Chapter 6 - Memory.pdf - CHAPTER 6 Memory...

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CHAPTER 6 Memory: Maximizing Recall For Test Success Keys to Effective Learning , 6e Carol Carter, Joyce Bishop, and Sarah Lyman Kravits
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Habit for success: Put your senses to work “Intelligent people know that all information gets into the brain through the sensory pathways…Those whose sensory pathways are more open and alert absorb more information from the environment.” Art Costa
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How does memory work?
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Memory is the foundation for learning & test success. If you can remember something, you can answer questions about it and use it.
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Memory = the way the brain stores and recalls information acquired through 5 senses 1. Raw information acquired through senses reaches the brain 2. Information goes into sensory registers (a few seconds) 3. Some information goes into short-term memory/ working memory (about 30 seconds) limited memory When you pay attention 4. With rote rehearsal, information are also stored in short term memory 5. With rehearsal over time, you keep the most important information in long- term memory (your brain’s more permanent storehouse) – unlimited memory 6. When information is needed, the brain puts it in short term memory for usage Information processing model of memory
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Information processing model of memory
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Information processing model of memory Information - > Sensory registers Short term memory Long term memory Memories are built at synapses, the junctions between neurons. The processing of memory strengthens these connections and makes it easier to remember.
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Information processing model of memory
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Procedural memory how to do things (difficult to develop but hard to lose) Declarative/sematic memory memories of facts, ideas, formulas (easy to learn but easy to forget w/o review) Episodic memory memories of events linked to personal experiences Types of Long Term Memory
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Guess the Long Term Memory
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Guess the Long Term Memory Riding a bicycle Procedural Declarative Episodic
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Guess the Long Term Memory 17 th Birthday Party Procedural Declarative Episodic
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Guess the Long Term Memory Playing a piano piece Procedural Declarative Episodic
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Guess the Long Term Memory Last day of High School Procedural Declarative Episodic
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Guess the Long Term Memory The Founding Fathers of Malaysia Procedural Declarative Episodic
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Guess the Long Term Memory The Pythagoras Theorem Procedural Declarative Episodic
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Guess the Long Term Memory Folding Origami Procedural Declarative Episodic
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