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基礎閱讀工作紙 中二單元五使用 1 、 理清篇章的中心思想 以說明為目的篇章,都有一個要說明的事實,這就是篇章的中心思想。通過文 章的標題、段意和關鍵句,可以找出文章的中心思想。標題就是文章的題目, 段意是文章中意義段所表達的意思,而關鍵句就是點出文章中心思想的句子。 2 、 說明的結構 ── 總分式 總分式是說明文常見的結構。「總」表示綜合說明,帶有總括的性質,「分」表示 根據說明的內容分項說明。總分式結構是把綜合說明放在文章的首段,然後其 他各段就是分項說明。 3 、 說明的方式 ── 描述說明 在說明的過程中,為了令人對說明的事物有具體的認識,作者會對事物的某方 面加以細緻的描述,這就是描述說明。 4 、 說明的方法 ── 引用說明 說明事物時,引用名人名言、典故、文獻記載、成語或資料記錄,作為說明的依 據,有助清楚說明事物,令文章簡潔生動,令人信服。 五、說明的方法 ── 比喻說明 以有具體形象的事物作比喻,來說明抽象難懂的道理,這種方法就是比喻說明。 6 、 說明的順序 ── 時間順序
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