Political Philosophy

Political Philosophy - Political Philosophy. What makes a...

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Political Philosophy. ..
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What makes a good, just society? What constitutes a just society? What is the relationship between justice and fairness? How important is equality? How should we distribute goods, rights, opportunities and liberties?
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Hobbes vs. Locke. .. Both are trying to describe the original state of humankind and how we got to form states/countries to begin with From the beginning, the “state of nature” Both try and account for our notion of justice They have very different approaches to this!
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Hobbes vs. Locke on the state of nature. .. Hobbes vs. Locke on the state of nature. .. In Hobbes’ state of nature, In Hobbes’ state of nature, people tend towards war people tend towards war People have a right to People have a right to anything they can lay their anything they can lay their hands on, since all want it hands on, since all want it equally equally Everyone can fight off Everyone can fight off anyone else anyone else People form states to gain People form states to gain protection from the greed protection from the greed of others of others In Locke’s state of nature, In Locke’s state of nature, people tend towards people tend towards peace peace People have natural rights People have natural rights to certain property to certain property They have the right to They have the right to enforce that right enforce that right themselves themselves People only form states to People only form states to make this easier or more make this easier or more convenient convenient
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industry; because the fruit thereof is uncertain: and consequently no culture of the earth; no navigation, nor use of the commodities that may be transported by sea; no commodious building; no instruments of moving, and removing such things as require much force; no knowledge of the face of the earth; no account of time; no arts; no letters; no society; and which is worse, continual fear, and danger of violent death; and the life of man, solitary, poor, nasty, brutish, and short. (Hobbes)
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This homework help was uploaded on 03/21/2008 for the course PY 211 / 212 taught by Professor Chilton during the Spring '08 term at N.C. State.

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Political Philosophy - Political Philosophy. What makes a...

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