zupi chp 4 outline notes.docx - Ch 4 outline notes 4.1 Intro Despite the gains made by the civil rights movement in the 1960s most African Americans had

zupi chp 4 outline notes.docx - Ch 4 outline notes 4.1...

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Ch. 4 outline notes 4.1 Intro -- Despite the gains made by the civil rights movement in the 1960s, most African Americans had yet to experience any real social or economic progress. --Goss v. Lopez, would help to define the rights of students—and therefore your rights— under the Constitution. -- Due Process: The principle that no person can be deprived of life, liberty, and property without fair legal procedures or safeguards 4.2 Elements of the Constitution --The Constitution provides the basic framework for American government. --guarantees the rights and freedoms that we, as Americans, sometimes take for granted. --he Constitution is a three-part document, consisting of the Preamble, the articles, and the amendments. - Republican Government: a representative political system in which authority comes from the people and is exercised by elected officials - Enumerated Powers: those powers of the national government that are specifically listed in the U.S. Constitution - Implied Powers: those powers of the national government, and particularly of Congress, that are not specifically listed in the Constitution, but which the government can reasonably claim as part of its governing responsibility - Necessary and Proper Clause: a clause in Article 1, Section 8 of the U.S. Constitution, which says that Congress can “make all laws which shall be necessary and proper” for carrying out its duties; also known as the Elastic Clause - Elastic Clause: a clause in Article 1, Section 8 of the U.S. Constitution that allows Congress to stretch its lawmaking powers to include laws that are “necessary and proper” for carrying out its duties; also known as the Necessary and Proper Clause - Habeas Corpus: the right of accused persons to be brought before a judge to hear the charges against them - Jurisdiction: the subject matter over which a court may exercise authority; also, a court’s power to hear a case - Supremacy Clause: a clause in Article VI of the U.S. Constitution, stating that it is the “supreme Law of the Land”; this means that federal law supersedes all state and local laws Preamble Sets The Purpose republican government: a representative political system in which authority comes from the people and is exercised by elected officials Republican Government: a representative political system in which authority comes from the people and is exercised by elected officials the Preamble, is a single, long sentence that defines the broad purposes of the republican government created by the Constitution. The Preamble sets various goals for the nation under the Constitution. These
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goals are expressed in a series of key phrases. Form a more perfect union. The framers of the Constitution wanted to ensure cooperation among the states, and between the states and the national government.
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