Assignment 5.1- Theory Project- Theory Critique.docx -...

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Running Header: TRANSCULTURAL NURSING THEORY Madeleine Leininger’s Transcultural Nursing Theory Brian Bonewell Maryville University 1
TRANSCULTURAL NURSING THEORY Madeleine Leininger’s Transcultural Nursing Theory Madeleine Leininger found a benefit in adjusting care to her clients and better suit the needs of their culture. In the mid 1950’s transcultural nursing(TCN) was established as a formal area of study (Leininger, 1996). TCN addresses two kinds of care, generic and professional, covering needs from basic to learned. Chinn and Kramer (2010) offer a tool for evaluating theories. I will be using this tool to critique Madeleine Leininger’s Transcultural Nursing Theory. Chinn and Kramer’s (2010) tool offers an in-depth analysis of theories and will be able to appropriately guide a thorough evaluation. First the theory is defined by six focuses: purpose, concepts, definitions, relationships, structure, and assumptions. Second, a critical reflection, as organized by Chinn and Kramer (2010), will argue the application of TCN with the use of five terms: clarity, simplicity, generalizability, accessibility, and importance. Description of Transcultural Nursing Theory Since its adoption into nursing in the mid-1950’s, TCN has improved the care nurses offer their clients around the world. As one of the oldest and widely used theories, TCN continues to improve upon patient outcomes (Leininger, 2002). Chinn and Kramer’s (2010) evaluation method offers six focuses to assist in defining theory. Purpose and Concepts TCN recognized the commonalities of care but emphasizes the need to apply cultural care differences in improving client outcomes (Leininger, 1996). Leininger believed care is the essence of nursing and there can be no curing without caring (Leininger, 1999). Leininger (1996) formed three dominant action and decision modes essential for the nurse to apply TCN to their care: culture care preservation and 2

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