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Week 8 - DiscussionWhat is HIV/AIDS?HIV or human immunodeficiency virus is a virus that is spread through four types of contact: sexual intercourse, blood-borne contact, perinatal transmission, and breast feeding (Arcangelo, Peterson, Wilbur, & Reinhold, 2017). This deadly virus spreads quickly and attacks the body’s immune system; specifically, the CD4 cells or T cells responsible for combating off infections (HIV Basics, 2017). As the HIV virus attacks and destroys these cells, the body’s ability to fight off infections and other diseases becomes drastically impaired which inevitably causes a person to be diagnosed with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome or AIDS (HIV Basics, 2017). Though anyone can become infected with HIV, the World Health Organization lists groups who are at greatest risk for contracting HIV as men who have sex with other men, people who inject drugs, those who work or live in prison or other closed settings, sex workers and their clients, and people who are transgender (Hiv/aids fact sheet, 2017).An EpidemicIn 2016, there was a total of 39,782 new cases of HIV diagnosed in the United States (HIV Basics, 2017). This astounding number contributes to the approximate 1.1 million people living with HIV in the United States; and within this population, 1 in 7 individuals did not know they had the disease (HIV Basics, 2017). As you can see, complacency haunts our healthcare system. Despite the advancements made in way of HIV education and prevention strategies, people have “I’m invincible” attitudes concerning risky behaviors and “it won’t happen to me” beliefs. Furthermore, society may look at the advancement of drug treatments for HIV and find the risky behaviors to be worth the risk. In fact, people who are infected with HIV and are on HIV drug therapy now have a “near-normal” life expectancy because of the treatment advancements made (Cairns, 2017). As HIV continues to be a major global healthcare issue, we as advanced practice