Lecture 3: NotesWill to KnowWhen he’s talking about discourse, he isn’t talking about the literal meaning of dialogue, but actually a metaphor for articulating ideas and articulating ideas for knowledge. How language is associated with power. History of sexuality was a series of books that were not completed. He had in mind all the texts we talked about such as Freud, Kraft Ebing. History of sexuality is not actually the history of sexuality. It is actually how we think about sexuality. The phrase will to knowledge, is how we came to know about sex. He was writing in a political context in France post 1968. In the context of a global liberation movement. He was trying to understand sex and power, and its relationship to liberation. Some of the ideals about the European enlightenment. Used science to uncover the world. Science rather than religion to find knowledge. The idea of revolution and liberation guided a lotof the ideas that came out of the enlightenment. Victorian regime:Victoria era was 1837-1901. Before this era sex was free and through collusion of cultural and religious authority and codes of conduct, sex was shackled. We Europeans were then constrained by a prudish, hypocritical code of sexual repression. Cult of true womanhood where people were expected to be purity. It was basically banning women’s sexuality and it was hypocritical because men could go to brothels, prostitution, etc. The modern invention of “homosexuals” (and thus, “heterosexuals”)With the emergence of sexology in the 1900s, where words like homosexuality emerged.