POL 540 Lecture 2 .docx - POL 540 Lecture 2 Concept of Development Philosophical vs Practical meanings Philip McMichael Philosophically Improvement of

POL 540 Lecture 2 .docx - POL 540 Lecture 2 Concept of...

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POL 540 Lecture 2 Concept of “Development”; Philosophical vs. Practical meanings Philip McMichael: Philosophically: Improvement of humankind Practically (interpreted and implemented by political elites as): Intervention, social engineering in the colonies to incorporate them into the European orbit (to serve European economic interests) and to “civilize them (the “white man’s burden”) “Development” (as interpreted and implemented by political elites): “Development” referring to: Industrial and market expansion Managing the disruptive social impacts of industrial and market expansion through social engineering to prepare, control and manage populations in the process of change Social engineering involving disciplinary methods to break down social customs and to produce new types of subjects for the new order “Development” for the non-Europeans: Pre-colonial cultures, knowledges and technologies undervalued, dismissed as backward, superstitions Europe’s military and industrial advantage, interpreted as an indication of European superiority European approach to “development” identified as the destiny of humankind Non-Europeans expected to pursue the European trajectory (even as colonialism systematically deprived the colonies of the resources to achieve this) Europeans advancements in technology such as shipping enabled them to travel and colonize Military technology also gave them advantages, they interpreted these advantages as cultural superiority or perhaps even racial superiority Europeans also felt religiously superior to the colonies The very process of colonization lead to an underdevelopment of the third world

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