Planning_History_1785_to_2000.pdf - Timeline of American...

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Timeline of American Planning History.Source:1785-18991785Ordinance of 1785. Provided for the rectangular land survey of the Old Northwest. Therectangular survey has been called "the largest single act of national planning in ourhistory and ... the most significant in terms of continuing impact on the body politic"(Daniel Elazar).Landmark LawsEconomic Development1791In his Report on Manufactures, Alexander Hamilton argues for protective tariffs formanufacturing industry as a means of promoting industrial development in the youngrepublic.Economic DevelopmentLandmark Publication1818In a speech before Congress, Henry Clay proposes a plan (called the AmericanSystem) to allocate federal funds to promote the development of the national economyby combining tariffs with internal improvements, such as roads, canals and otherwaterways.Economic Development1825Erie Canal completed. This artificial waterway connected the northeastern states withthe newly settled areas of what was then the West, facilitating the economicdevelopment of both regions.Economic DevelopmentRegional Planning1839The National Road terminates in Vandalia, Illinois. Begun in 1811 in Cumberland,Maryland, it helps open the Ohio Valley to settlers.Economic Development1855First "model tenement" built in Manhattan.Housing1862Homestead Act opened the lands of the Public Domain to settlers for a nominal fee andfive years residence.Landmark LawsEconomic DevelopmentHousing1862Morrill Act. Congress authorizes land grants from the Public Domain to the states.Proceeds from the sale were to be used to found colleges offering instruction inagriculture, engineering, and other practical arts.Economic DevelopmentLandmarkLaws1864New York Council of Hygiene of the Citizens Association mounts a campaign to raisehousing and sanitary standards.Housing1868Frederick Law Olmstedand Calvert Vaux begin the planning of Riverside Illinois, aplanned suburban community stressing rural as opposed to urban amenities.PlannedCommunities1869The Union Pacific and the Central Pacific railroads meet at Promontory Point, Utah, onMay 10 to complete the first transcontinental railroad.Economic Development1878John Wesley Powell'sReport on the Lands of the Arid Region of the United Statesispublished. Includes a proposed regional plan that would both foster settlement of thearid west and conserve scarce water resources.Conservation & EnvironmentRegionalPlanningEconomic DevelopmentLandmark LawsLandmark Publication1879Progress and Povertypublished. In this influential book Henry George presents anargument for diminishing extremes of national wealth and poverty by means of asingle tax (on land) that would capture the "unearned increment" of nationaldevelopment for public uses.Landmark Publication1879Debut of the "Dumbbell Tenement," so called because of its shape. A form ofmultifamily housing widely built in New York until the end of the century and notorious

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Term
Winter
Professor
Walter J. Nicholls
Tags
Landmark Laws, Planning Profession, Landmark Publication

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