HIS 315K ids - 74. McCulloch v. Maryland: -1819 -the court...

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74. McCulloch v. Maryland: -1819 -the court struck down a law that taxed banks within Maryland that weren’t chartered by the Maryland legislature. The law aimed at hindering the Baltimore branch of the Second Bank of the US. Marshall thought about whether a bank charter was constitutional. -Marshall used the “necessary and proper” clause for the first time. This decision cemented the federalist view of government. 75. Monroe Doctrine: -1823 -The American position on western hemisphere affairs. It called for non-colonialization of the western hemisphere by European nations. It pledged non-interference by the US in European affairs. - it was emblematic of the nationalist ideology, yet they were not powerful enough for there to be any threat along with it. 76. American System of Manufacturing: - 1798 - used precision machinery to produce interchangeable parts. The American system spread and caused the machine toll industry that greatly reduced time and cost of manugacturing. - Explosion in consumer goods and household items at high quality. 77. Cherokee Nation v. Georgia: -1831 - The Cherokee nation looked to the court to defend their treaty with the US. In the case, John Marshall said the Indians had an unquestionable right to their land and had to give it up to be able to lose it. - It ruled that Cherokees were protected from Georgia laws but Georgia didn’t comply with the ruling. 78. Second Great Awakening: - Early 19th century - it was the larges ferment of American religion in the history of America. It established the bible belt and evangelism in the south. Methodism and Baptism were most numerous. Revivalists believed this time period had hopes of seeing the Second Coming of Christ. - the leaders of the movement and the religious leaders emerged from the “grassroots.” The leaders were not elite gentry. That would have established another social hierarchy. It was democracy through religion. 79. Nullification: -1828 - South Carolina rejected the 1828 tariff that made cloth more expensive for them. Nullification was the permittance of a judge of constitutionality by the
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states on federal laws. - it was able to protect the minority from tyranny by the majority 80. Paternalism: Who: Slaveholding men When: during the 19 th century Where: wherever slavery existed What: slave holding men justified their dominance over white women and black slaves through a paternalistic ideology. The paternalistic planter saw himself not as an oppressor but as the benevolent guardian of an inferior race. Significance:
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This note was uploaded on 03/23/2008 for the course HIST 315k taught by Professor Seaholm during the Spring '08 term at University of Texas.

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HIS 315K ids - 74. McCulloch v. Maryland: -1819 -the court...

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