Government 310l Lectures 1-20 to 4-28

Government 310l Lectures 1-20 to 4-28 - Gov 310L American...

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Gov 310L American Government 1/20/2006 Lecture 1: Studying Politics and Democratic Theory 1. What is politics? 2. What is democracy? 3. studying politics 4. Why Government? 5. Requirements for political systems, for democratic systems 6. American Democracy: Ideas and Realities 1.Politics is a process by which resources used to affect government .Who gets what? When? And How? It is power and the selective use of power. Just because you have power doesn’t mean you have to use it. You choose how. It involves the legitimacy and authority of government but it is also a routine. Politics is war. Politics is Economics. . “Money from the rich, votes from the poor, and trying to protect each from the other” Congressman from Utah in the 60’s .It is a struggle for the control of public policy through the expansion and control of public power ( gov.) . Politics is a battle for the control of your mind 2. What is a democracy? A republic is a nation using a form of democracy: representative democracy If democracy is power to the people We are saying in a mass society that those we choose in government, we want to respond to us. Response is important. >government can not be all things to all people so what we want is the government to respond to the largest. >we have to establish a form of political equality so not to let the majority always take over. > you cannot have democracy without political equality. >universal participation: if government has to respond to people how does it know what people want: people have to participate (express opinion) >have to have a system of organization >the existence of elections does not equal democracy >the mosaic democracy (adjectives placed in front) >Majoritatian democracy: Policy positions of a majority of the populace are translated into actual policy through elected representatives. >Liberal democracy: Majority or pluralistic mechanisms produce policy through representatives institutions without individual rights protected through constitutional or judicial structures. >Pluralistic democracy: citizens policy positions are articulated by interest groups, who compete against each other and engage in negotiations and compromises with elected
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representatives who produce policies reflecting a balancing of these organized interests in a society. Core definition: rule by the people Democracy: A political continuum Deep democracy participatory democracy electoral democracy -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Electoral oligarchy totalitarianism -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Direct democracy representative democracy non democracy Oligarchy:rule by the few Electing a small group over and over again. Movie: the corporation (Arcadia, California)
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This note was uploaded on 03/23/2008 for the course GOV 310L taught by Professor Kieth during the Spring '07 term at University of Texas at Austin.

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Government 310l Lectures 1-20 to 4-28 - Gov 310L American...

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