Cosmetics From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia This article is about substances also known as "make-up" in English. For other uses, see Cosmetic . "Make-up" redirects here. For other uses, see Make-up (disambiguation) . "Toilette" redirects here. It is not to be confused with Toilet . Assorted cosmetics and tools Woman wearing several forms of cosmetics, including lipstick , eye liner , eye shadow , and hair color An artist applying make-up for an Indian classical dance Cosmetics are substances or products used to enhance or alter the appearance of the face or fragrance and texture of the body. Many cosmetics are designed for use of applying to the face, hair, and body. They are generally mixtures of chemical compounds ; some being derived
from natural sources (such as coconut oil ), and some being synthetics or artificial.  Common cosmetics include lipstick , mascara , eye shadow , foundation , skin cleansers and body lotions , shampoo and conditioner, hairstyling products ( gel , hair spray , etc.), perfume and cologne . Cosmetics applied to the face to enhance its appearance are often called make-up or makeup . In the U.S., the Food and Drug Administration (FDA), which regulates cosmetics,  defines cosmetics as "intended to be applied to the human body for cleansing, beautifying, promoting attractiveness, or altering the appearance without affecting the body's structure or functions". This broad definition includes any material intended for use as a component of a cosmetic product. The FDA specifically excludes soap from this category.  Contents [hide] 1 Etymology 2 History 3 Types 4 Products 5 Brushes 6 Other products 7 Ingredients o 7.1 Natural o 7.2 Mineral 7.2.1 Benefits of mineral-based makeup 8 Cosmetic packaging 9 Industry 10 Controversy o 10.1 Safety o 10.2 Animal testing 11 Legislation o 11.1 Europe o 11.2 United States o 11.3 Brazil o 11.4 International 12 Careers 13 See also 14 References 15 Further reading 16 External links Etymology [ edit ]
Nefertiti Bust showing the use of eye liner made of kohl An 1889 Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec painting of a woman applying facial cosmetics Kissproof brand face powder from 1926, from the permanent collection of the Museo del Objeto del Objeto in Mexico City. The word cosmetics derives from the Greek κοσμητικὴ τέχνη ( kosmetikē tekhnē ), meaning "technique of dress and ornament", from κοσμητικός ( kosmētikos ), "skilled in ordering or arranging"  and that from κόσμος ( kosmos ), meaning amongst others "order" and "ornament".  History [ edit ] Main article: History of cosmetics Cosmetics have been in use for thousands of years. The absence of regulation of the manufacture and use of cosmetics has led to negative side effects , deformities , blindness, and
even death through the ages. Examples are the prevalent use of ceruse (white lead), to cover the face during the Renaissance , and blindness caused by the mascara Lash Lure during the early 20th century.
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