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Reading Notes – quiz 1 – HTST 200 The History of book in china Pg 353 – 363 1.The book before paper and printing The invention of true paper 2ndCentury BCInvention of textual printing 7thcentury Before the creation of paper and printing, books in china were written on thin strips of bamboo and wood, and put in sequence with bands of twisted thongs, hemp string, or silk thread. written by writing brush and lampblack ink Written vertically from right to left. then the “books” rolled up into scroll binding These books were called jiance (archival documents, historical/philosophical texts, and medical and military texts) or jiandu. In the same period of time silk was discovered and used later as books/scrolls but was an expensive resource. used sparingly. Script has a history of more than 4000 years in china Before bamboo books, animal bones and tortoise shells with brief text engraved on them. also engraved on some stones Paper was probably invented to save on silkThe first acknowledgement of paper in china AD 105 (did exist before)Commemorative stone tablets used in china for over 2000 years people copied off original stones using the method of “ink squeeze rubbings.” rubbings stored as folded sheets. Horizontal orientation eventually became favored to preserve ink squeeze rubbings. Period from Han to Sui increased books and larger libraries In ancient times seals were engraved and used for authentication and identification. impressed in soft clay. When paper was invented an innovation of vermillion ink made from cinnabar was made to replace black soot ink. 2.Tang to Yuan (7thto 14thcenturies)Invention of Printing not known but no later than AD 700Printing spread to both china and japan by the mid 8thcentury The world’s oldest complete printed book jinjang jin Majority of printed texts until northern song was just religious or government documents.By mid 11thcentury there was growth in printingThree general categories of publishing official, private, and commercial
Butterfly binding ease of reading borders of sheets concealed in binding to have continuous text ease of reading (folio binding in western terms)In the 11thcentury printing multiple copies of text became popular Handwritten books coexisted with printed books for a long time great need for Buddhist texts. reprinted manySanskrit clamped binding imported to china through Tibet. Expanding market of book inspired diversity. Paper was produced near publication places using local raw materials. Increased use of cheap bamboo paperExistence of printed book sin china long before their existence in Europe.