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History 200 Print Lecture NotesLecture one Jan 9 2017Populations the world in the 1400’s 375 million people on planet Very small populations compared to now After 1460 the population was on the rise 70% of the population lived in 3 broad civilizations China, India, and Southern Europe.Rest of population dispersed globally. Economy what do people do? Working for the necessities of life : food, protection, safety. Agriculture management of plants and animals. Fuel (climate changes) pursuing resources to make heat. Clothing and shelter. More concentrated population focusing on mostly agriculture. Social Complexity Agriculture Surpluses Social hierarchy (classes and power disparity)Urban development Writing External relationships Non-agriculture population?Conflict. -Not everyone working the land some people are in positions of power who control the labor. -Urban development agriculture surpluses “URBAN CENTERS ”-Cities are more advanced and surpluses -Emergence of craftspeople in cities. no longer looking for bare necessities military, political elite and religious organization in the cities. -City people can read and write (printing is a small industry thus far)Conflict. -Groups fighting other groups potential for internal conflict (people feeling exploited.)-Trade relations breaking down. -Cities will benefit only a few and sustain a few.Population Cycles rise and decline in populations reasons 11
-Age before modern medicine -Area warming and cooling (climate change.)-Can only expand so far N—S on the globe a natural limit to technological expansion. -Bubonic plague started in east Asia and eventually swept through Europe took out one million people an insecure world. many things can take them out. Conclusion “The world we have lost”people are really close to the land live in small urban centers. Vast majority of people are not readers/writers only beaurocrats and elites LONG RANGE CONNCTIONS rare travel. pretty dense connections.Trade circuits connected people across distances. Europe is the very end and what they make is not in demand. have not but want lots. Europe not a major player in the trade circuits not as impressive as the other one Polycentric no control center but if there was it would be china biggest empire and superpower major player in trade. Chaotic trade routes. Lecture two Jan 11 2017Books in the ancient worldWhat is a book ; a means of recording and transmitting in writing a cultures intellectual traditions vague. Mesopotamia 3000 BCE (before common era)TO 0 (Christ)AD (after Christ)Covered by modern day Iraq mostly Overlapping civilizations Sumerians, Assyrians, Babylonians First early era where there is evidence of printingThe script was called cuneiform examples going back far clay tablet. Cylindrical stamps go all around for storage purposes.