ALIBI.docx - the pattern of campaign contributions campaign...

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the pattern of campaign contributions campaign contributions are an important aspect of electoral politics, if not of corporate political strategies. sixty percent of hard money campaign contributions to the 1996 federal election campaign. however, were made by individuals, with PACs contributing only 28 percent. PAC contributions are primarily made to incumbents, and because a substantial majority of incumbents were democrats until 1995, a majority of PAC contributions had gone to democrats. when the republicans became the majority party in both the house and senate in 1995, PAC contributions shifted to the republican in 1996 election cycle republicans received 53,3 percent of business PAC contributions. labor PACs contribute almost exclusively to democrats. the largest PACs are not corporate but are composed of realtors, doctors, lawyers, and agricultural groups. hard money contributions to the 1996 congressional campaign totaled $674 million, and soft money contributions as reported by the center of responsive politics were $204 million, in the 1995-1996 election cycle the five largest contributors, including hard and soft money, were Phiilip Morris, AT&T, the association of trial lawyers the teamsters union, and the laborers unions. TRANSLET INDO : pola sumbangan kampanye sumbangan kampanye merupakan aspek penting dari politik elektoral, jika tidak dari strategi politik perusahaan. enam puluh persen dari sumbangan kampanye uang keras untuk 1996 kampanye pemilu federal. Namun, dibuat oleh individu, dengan PAC kontribusi hanya 28 persen. PAC kontribusi terutama dibuat untuk pemain lama, dan karena mayoritas besar mapan yang demokrat sampai 1995, mayoritas PAC kontribusi pergi ke demokrat. ketika Partai Republik menjadi partai mayoritas di kedua rumah dan senat pada tahun 1995, PAC kontribusi bergeser ke republik pada tahun 1996 siklus pemilu menerima 53,3 persen dari kontribusi PAC bisnis. PAC tenaga kerja memberikan kontribusi hampir secara eksklusif untuk demokrat. para PAC terbesar tidak perusahaan tetapi terdiri dari Realtors, dokter, pengacara, dan kelompok-kelompok pertanian. kontribusi uang keras untuk 1996 kampanye kongres mencapai $ 674.000.000, dan kontribusi uang lunak seperti dilansir pusat politik responsif adalah $ 204.000.000, dalam siklus pemilu 1995-1996 lima kontributor terbesar termasuk keras dan uang lunak. adalah Phiilip Morris, AT & T, asosiasi pengacara serikat Teamsters, dan buruh serikat.
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Proses of campaign contributions campaign contributions are made for three basic purpose. the first to improve the chances that the recipient will be elected, the second is to obtain access to present or future officeholders, and the third is to influence legislative voting. most contributions by individuals are made for te first purpose, as are the contributions by labor PACs business, professional, and trade PACs, however, take a more pragmatic approach and lend to make contributions to those most likely to win, largely for the purpose of facilitating access. as former senator Rudy Boschwitz (R-MN) commented: "all they're [corporate PACs]
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