WHAT IS EUROPE.pdf - Conclusion What is Europe Author(s...

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Taylor & Francis, Ltd. is collaborating with JSTOR to digitize, preserve and extend access to International Journal of Sociology. Conclusion: What is Europe? Author(s): John Fells and Józef Niżnik Source: International Journal of Sociology, Vol. 22, No. 1/2, EUROPE: BEYOND GEOGRAPHY ( Spring-Summer 1992), pp. 201-206 Published by: Taylor & Francis, Ltd. Stable URL: Accessed: 17-01-2016 19:07 UTC Your use of the JSTOR archive indicates your acceptance of the Terms & Conditions of Use, available at info/about/policies/terms.jsp JSTOR is a not-for-profit service that helps scholars, researchers, and students discover, use, and build upon a wide range of content in a trusted digital archive. We use information technology and tools to increase productivity and facilitate new forms of scholarship. For more information about JSTOR, please contact [email protected] This content downloaded from 137.122.8.73 on Sun, 17 Jan 2016 19:07:12 UTC All use subject to JSTOR Terms and Conditions
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John Fells and j6zef Niznik Conclusion What is Europe? 1. Unity in Diversity "Abolition of the borders, yes; Dutch cheese with Greek salad, no." This remark by an Austrian student expresses both a positive attitude toward the pros pect of further European integration and some reservations about that prospect. It was, no doubt, intended to be understood as being in praise both of the preser vation of diversity and of the elimination of a number of barriers within Europe. A similar opinion was expressed by respondents from all participating countries. The richness of national and regional diversity has been singled out as the main asset of a future united Europe. In this respect, the opinions of "Europeans" were in agreement with those of respondents from outside Europe who some times expressed sheer delight at European diversity. However, they are perhaps overoptimistic in thinking that these two factors, unity and diversity, can coexist for a long period of time. The opening of borders does after all offer an op portunity for Dutch cheese to be combined with Greek salad. However, the issue does have wider implications. Almost unanimous acceptance of the integration processes in Europe is not combined with an awareness of some of its possible consequences, especially for some of the less economically developed countries. This is particularly true of those respondents who are inhabitants of countries that aspire to membership in the European Community. Polish and Lithuanian students who took part in the research were fully aware of the existence of ob stacles to their countries' integration with the European Community. They were aware, above all, of a gap between two civilizations and of the economic failure of all postcommunist countries. In spite of this, the very remoteness of the pros pect of membership in the European Community by their countries and the ap pearance of barriers erected by the Community against them caused not only disappointment but also frustration.
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