According to Tocqueville.docx

According to Tocqueville.docx - According to Tocqueville...

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According to Tocqueville, the inevitable triumph of democracy, or what he calls the democratic condition, may lead either to a condition of slavery or of human freedom. His fear is that the real driving force of democracy, the passion for equality, is compatible with tyranny as well as with liberty. (Discuss) Tocqueville warned that modern democracy may be adept at inventing new forms of tyranny, because radical equality could lead to the materialism of an expanding bourgeoisie and to  the selfishness of individualism. In such conditions we lose interest in the future of our  descendents...and meekly allow ourselves to be led in ignorance by a despotic force all the  more powerful because it does not resemble one. [17]  Tocqueville worried that  if  despotism  were to take root in a modern democracy, it would be a much more dangerous  version than the oppression under tyrants of the past who could only exert a pernicious  influence on a small group of people at a time. [3]  In contrast, a despotism under a democracy  could review "a multitude of men", uniformly alike, equal, "constantly circling for petty  pleasures", unaware of fellow citizens, and subject to the will of a powerful state which  exerted an "immense protective power". [3]  Tocqueville compared a potentially despotic  democratic government to a protective parent who wants to keep its citizens (children) as  "perpetual children", and which doesn't break men's wills but rather guides it, and presides  over people in the same way as a shepherd looking after a "flock of timid animals".
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