WWI after.docx - During the First World War several leaders...

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During the First World War several leaders like Woodrow Wilson, president of the United States and Jan Smuts, by then a representative member of the South African Union in the Imperial War Cabinet in London, began to propel the need for an international organization to preserve peace and resolve conflicts through arbitration. In September 1916, Robert Cecil, a member of the British government, wrote a memorandum in which he argued that civilization could only survive if it were possible to develop an When the peace negotiations began in October 1918, Woodrow Wilson insisted that his Fourteen Points should serve as the basis for the signing of the Armistice. This included the formation of the League of Nations. The constitution of that body was approved by the Paris Peace Conference in April 1919. The headquarters of the League were in Geneva and its first general secretary was Sir Eric Drummond. the Constitution of the League of Nations ordered the establishment of collective security and that disputes should be resolved through arbitration. It was decided that all countries that resorted to war as a means of settling differences would be subject to economic sanctions. international system that would ensure The United States never joined the organization, because the Senate of that country refused to ratify the Treaty of Versailles, a treaty that was important for the creation of the League of Nations, but was also a direct cause of many of the conflicts that were created since the end of the First World War.peace. The post-war period in the United States until 1929 is called the Epoch of Prosperity or Prosperity. After the second presidential term, Woodrow Wilson, the Republicans came to power for 12 years: Warren Harding (1921-1923), then after his death Calvin Coolidge (1923-1929) and Herbert Hoover (1929-1933). The US population is tired of the reforms and therefore the transition to conservatism was more than ever by the way. Progressive projects were curtailed. Republicans in this period saw their main goal: . Stability 2. Ensuring sound economic performance 3. Assistance to firms with organization of their activities, opening for them foreign markets
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