Characteristic of Students with Mental Retardation .odt

Characteristic of Students with Mental Retardation .odt -...

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Cognitive Functioning Deficits in cognitive functioning and learning styles characteristic of individuals with mental retardation include poor memory, slow learning rates, attention problems, difficulty generalizing what they have learned, and lack of motivation. Memory. Students with mental retardation have difficulty remembering information. Learning Rate. The rate at which individuals with mental retardation acquire new knowledge and skills is well below that of typically developing children. Attention. The ability to attend to critical features of a task (e.g., to the outline of geometric shapes instead of dimensions such as their color or position on the page) is a characteristic of efficient learners. Students with mental retardation often have trouble attending to relevant features of a learning task and instead may focus on distracting irrelevant stimuli. Generalization of Learning. Students with disabilities, especially those with mental retardation, often have trouble using their new knowledge and skills in settings or situations that differ from the context in which they first learned those skills. Such transfer or generalization of learning occurs without explicit programming for many children without disabilities but may not be evident in students with mental retardation without specific programming to facilitate it. Researchers and
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