계량경영.docx - We all face decision about how to use...

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We all face decision about how to use limited resources such as oil in the Earth, money..etc. Mathematical Programming is a field of management science that finds the optimal, or most efficient way of using limited resources to achieve the objectives of an individual of a business. (aka optimization) Ex) determining product mix, manufacturing, routing and logistics, financial planning etc. Characteristic of optimization problems: decisions, constraints, objectives 1. Decisions – 의사결정 2. Constraints - 제약조건 (if, 제약조건이 없다면 decision 을 자유롭게 할 수 있음 ) 3. Objectives – 목적 . 이런 제약조건이 있고 뭘 결정해야 될지 아는데 , 목적이 만약에 인명사고를 최 소화하는 것이라면 , 이익을 최대화하기 위해서라면 , 목적에 따라서 우리가 구하고자 하는 해가 달 라진다 . , 문제를 푸는데 있어서 이 세가지를 정확히 알고 있어야 한다 .
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  • Spring '14
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